cephalosporin


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ceph·a·lo·spo·rin

 (sĕf-ə-lə-spôr′ĭn)
n.
Any of various beta-lactam antibiotics, derived from the fungus Acremonium chrysogenum or made semisynthetically, used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections.

[New Latin Cephalosporium, former genus name (cephalo- + spora, spore; see spore) + -in.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cephalosporin

(ˌsɛfələʊˈspɔːrɪn)
n
(Pharmacology) any of a group of broad-spectrum antibiotics obtained from fungi of the genus Cephalosporium
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ceph•a•lo•spo•rin

(ˌsɛf ə loʊˈspɔr ɪn, -ˈspoʊr-)

n.
any of a group of widely used broad-spectrum antibiotics, derived from the fungus Cephalosporium acremonium.
[1950–55; < New Latin Cephalospor(ium)]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cephalosporin - one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin)cephalosporin - one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity
antibiotic, antibiotic drug - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"
cefadroxil, Ultracef - a cephalosporin antibiotic (trade name Ultracef)
Cefobid, cefoperazone - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Cefobid) used for severe infections
cefotaxime, Claforan - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Claforan) used for severe infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
ceftazidime, Fortaz, Tazicef - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade names Fortaz and Tazicef) used to treat moderate infections
ceftriaxone, Rocephin - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Rocephin) used for severe infection of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
Ceftin, cefuroxime, Zinacef - a cephalosporin that can be given parenterally (trade name Zinacef) or orally by tablets (trade name Ceftin); indicated for infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract or meninges
cephalexin, Keflex, Keflin, Keftab - an oral cephalosporin (trade names Keflex and Keflin and Keftab) commonly prescribe for mild to moderately severe infections of the skin or ears or throat or lungs or urinary tract
cephalothin - a semisynthetic analogue of cephalosporin
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

ceph·a·lo·spo·rin

n. cefalosporina, antibiótico de espectro amplio.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cephalosporin

n cefalosporina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
M2 PRESSWIRE-September 4, 2019-: Global Cephalosporin Drugs Market to Surpass $14.1 Billion by 2025
Each of these presentations adds to the growing body of evidence in favor of cefepime-enmetazobactam to treat infections by third-generation cephalosporin (3GC)-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, the most prevalent 'critical priority' pathogen as defined by the WHO," said Klaus Wilgenbus, Chief Executive Officer of Allecra Therapeutics.
The study showed some bugs found in the faeces were resistant to common antibiotic medications such as cephalosporin and fluoroquinolone.
Keywords: Cephalosporin, Acremonium chrysogenum, Submerged fermentation, Antibiotic, Disc diffusion method.
Cefixime developed by Astellas Pharma is a third-generation cephalosporin with antibacterial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and it is extensively prescribed worldwide.
We planned a study to determine 3rd generation cephalosporin resistance in our patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis using early response assessment to guide treatment outcome.
The two new strains of bacteria were found to be impervious to penicillin and the cephalosporin group of antibiotics in the lab.
(%) Penicillin ([dagger]) 5 (6.8) 393 (6.0) 0.99 1st-generation 2 (2.7) 445 (6.8) 0.24 cephalosporin 2nd-generation 2 (2.7) 184 (2.8) 0.99 cephalosporin 3rd-generation 26 (35.1) 1,089 (16.7) <0.01 cephalosporin 4th-generation 0 1 0.99 cephalosporin Aminoglycoside 13 (17.6) 118 (1.8) <0.01 Glycopeptide 40 (54.1) 481 (7.4) <0.01 Linezolid 6(8.1) 40 (0.6) <0.01 Carbapenem 42 (56.8) 416 (6.4) <0.01 Tetracycline 12 (16.2) 58 (0.9) <0.01 Trimethoprim- 17 (23.0) 245 (3.8) <0.01 sulfamethoxazole Lincosamide 7 (9.5) 40 (0.6) <0.01 Macrolide 1 (1.4) 286 (4.4) 0.32 Fluoroquinolone 43 (58.1) 871 (13.4) <0.01 Other 5 (6.8) 100 (1.5) <0.01 After matching Case- Control- Variable patients, n patients, = 52 n = 156 p value Ward, no.
All isolates were tested for sensitivity to the following antibiotics (commercial discs from Himedia laboratories Pvt Limited Mubai India): Penicillin (10 units), Vancomycin (30mcg), Gentamicin (10 mcg), Ampicillin (10 mcg), Erythromycin (15mcg), Ciprofloxacin (10 mcg), Chloramphenicol (30mcg), Cephalosporin) 30mcg) Using disc diffusion technique.
After reviewing 65 countries, it found the use of carbapenem and cephalosporin most worrying, as bacteria rapidly evolves to resist them.
The top three antibiotics prescribed were ampicillin plus a third-generation cephalosporin (37%), third-generation cephalosporin monotherapy (28%), and third-generation cephalosporin monotherapy plus vancomycin (7%).