cephalothin


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cephalothin

(ˈsɛfələˌθɪn)
n
a cephalosporin antibiotic often used in the treatment of bacterial infections
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Noun1.cephalothin - a semisynthetic analogue of cephalosporin
cephalosporin, Mefoxin - one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity
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Tenders are invited for Purchase of Fishery Medicine Melathin, Safon, Round up, Kingfog, Cephalothin, Herbal Sanitizer
enterocolitica intrinsic resistance to ampicillin, ticarcillin, amoxycillin-clavulanate, cefazolin, and cephalothin has been assigned by the Clinical & Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI).
A filter paper disk saturated with the following antibiotics (Mast Diagnostics, Bootle, UK); amikacin (30 [micro]g), gentamicin (10 [micro]g), cefepime (30 [micro]g), ticarcillin (75 [micro]g), piperacillin (100 [micro]g), imipenem (10 [micro]g), colistin (10 [micro]g), rifampicin (5 [micro]g), penicillin G (10 units [micro]g), erythromycin (15 [micro]g), cephalothin (30 [micro]g), clindamycin (2 [micro]g), cotrimoxazole (25 [micro]g) and ampicillin (10 [micro]g) were dispensed onto the media plate separately.
The antibiotic discs used were Amoxicillin, Amoxicillin with Clavulanic acid, Amikacin, Cephalothin, Ceftazidime among the systemically used antibiotics and Chloramphenicol, Polymyxin, Ciprofloxacin, Gentamicin, Neomycin and Bacitracin among the topically used antibiotics.
For the Gram negative bacteria the antibiotics were: amikacin (AMI, 30 [micro]g), amoxicillin + clavulanate (AMC, 20 + 10 [micro]g), ampicillin (AMP, 10 [micro]g), cephalothin (CFL, 30 [micro]g), cefepime (COM, 30 [micro]g), cefoxitin (CFO, 30 [micro]g), ceftazidime (CAZ, 30 [micro]g), cefuroxime (CRX, 30 [micro]g), ciprofloxacin (CIP, 5 [micro]g), gentamicin (GEN, 10 [micro]g), meropenem (MER, 10 [micro]g), sulfazotrim (SUT, 23.
12 The antibiotics that were used against gram-positive bacteria were (20 ug of amoxicillin + 10 ug of clavulanate), ceftazidime (30ug), cephalothin (30ug), clindamycin (2ug), erythromycin (15ug), gentamycin (10ug), oxacillin (1ug), penicillin (10ug) and vancomycin (30ug).
We conducted antimicrobial susceptibility testing by using disk diffusion against a panel of 17 compounds consisting of penicillin G, amoxicillin, and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid; cephalothin, cefoxitin, cefotaxime, and cefepime; ertapenem, meropenem, and imipenem; marbofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, and nalidixic acid; gentamicin; tetracycline; florfenicol; and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole.
Studies on efficacy of antimicrobial agents against Pasteurella multocida was investigated by agar diffusion method that showed high sensitivity to various antibiotics including enrofloxacin, chloramphenicol, ampicillin, penicillin G and cephalothin [11].
Other broad spectrum antibiotics such as cephalothin, carbenicillin, amoxicillin, cefamandole, tobramycin, and vancomycin were incorporated either with bone cement or coating of implants [6].
Extremely high resistance rates were observed to ampicillin (99%), cephalothin (95%), cefuroxime (95%), amoxicillin-clavulante (92%), and nitrofurantoin (91%).
The antibiotic tested included ampicillin (10 pg), ciprofloxacin (5 [micro]g), chloramphenicol (30 [micro]g), trimethoprim (5 [micro]g), cephalothin (30 [micro]g), streptomycin (10 [micro]g), nalidixic acid (30 [micro]g), and tetracycline (30 pg).