cerebellar


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Related to cerebellar: Cerebellar ataxia, cerebellar atrophy

cer·e·bel·lum

 (sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
n. pl. cer·e·bel·lums or cer·e·bel·la (-bĕl′ə)
The trilobed structure of the brain, lying posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata and inferior to the occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.

[Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum, brain; see ker- in Indo-European roots.]

cer′e·bel′lar (-bĕl′ər) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.cerebellar - relating to or associated with the cerebellum; "cerebellar artery"
Translations

cerebellar

adj cerebeloso
References in periodicals archive ?
Background: Wallerian degeneration (WD) of bilateral middle cerebellar peduncles (MCPs) can occur following pontine infarction, but its characteristics have not yet been clarified because of the low incidence.
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is an adult onset, progressive, idiopathic neurodegenerative disease that clinically manifest as MSA-C with cerebellar signs predominant, MSA-P with Parkinsonian features predominant and MSA-A with autonomic signs and symptoms.
Cytarabine was withheld on the 5th day of chemotherapy, as the patient had ataxia and left-sided nystagmus due to cerebellar toxicity.
Medical records showed that Justice Cornejo had been diagnosed with 'acute cerebrovascular disease in bilateral cerebral and cerebellar hemispheres, controlled hypertension, systemic lupus erythematous, pancytopenia, colon cancer stage III s/p left hemicolectomy, and acute kidney injury secondary to poor oral intake.
Dandy-Walker malformation is defined by enlarged posterior fossa, cystic dilatation of the fourth ventricle, and cerebellar hypoplasia.
Cerebellar signs (28%) and papilledema (12%) were noted in pilocytic astrocytoma, medulloblastoma and haemangioblastoma; 12 of the 15 cases of Schwannoma presented with vertigo.
1,2] JS is an autosomal recessive neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by molar tooth malformation, a complex brainstem malformation that reflects aplasia and marked hypoplasia of cerebellar vermis, thickened and elongated superior cerebellar peduncles, and deepened interpeduncular fossa that is apparent on axial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at the midbrain-hindbrain junction.
On the ninth day of hospitalization, the results of the MRI were reported: in the T1 segment diffuse hypointense cerebellar lesion with contrast enhancement without evidence of nodule or abscess; In the T2 Flair sequence, a predominantly right bilateral diffuse hyperintense cerebellar lesion corresponding to inflammatory changes was evidenced.
Fetal cerebellar diameter in normal gestation is also highly correlated with fetal growth indices, such as biparietal diameter, head circumference and abdominal circumference5.
In most cases, lissencephaly occurs with other brain malformations, such as microcephaly, cerebellar hypoplasia and hypoplasia of the corpus callosum.
1) Growth is slow and there is no reported malignant potential with clinical presentation typically entailing signs of increased intracranial pressure, obstructive hydrocephalus, and cerebellar dysfunction.
This exposure caused a condition called cerebellar hypoplasia, or underdevelopment of the cerebellum.