cerebellum

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cer·e·bel·lum

 (sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
n. pl. cer·e·bel·lums or cer·e·bel·la (-bĕl′ə)
The trilobed structure of the brain, lying posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata and inferior to the occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.

[Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum, brain; see ker- in Indo-European roots.]

cer′e·bel′lar (-bĕl′ər) adj.

cerebellum

(ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm)
n, pl -lums or -la (-lə)
(Anatomy) one of the major divisions of the vertebrate brain, situated in man above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum, whose function is coordination of voluntary movements and maintenance of bodily equilibrium
[C16: from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum]
ˌcereˈbellar adj

cer•e•bel•lum

(ˌsɛr əˈbɛl əm)

n., pl. -bel•lums, -bel•la (-ˈbɛl ə)
the rounded portion of the brain, directly behind the cerebrum in birds and mammals, that serves mainly to coordinate movement, posture, and balance.
[1555–65; < Latin: brain, diminutive of cerebrum (for formation see castle)]
cer`e•bel′lar, adj.

cer·e·bel·lum

(sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
The part of the vertebrate brain that is located below the cerebrum at the rear of the skull and coordinates balance and muscle activity. In humans and other mammals, the cerebellum is made up of two connecting parts, called hemispheres, consisting of a core of white matter surrounded by gray matter.

cerebellum


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The largest part of the hindbrain, sprouting below the back of the cerebrum. It helps produce smoothly controlled and coordinated muscular movements.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate braincerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
arteria cerebelli, cerebellar artery - an artery that supplies the cerebellum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
cerebellar hemisphere - either of two lateral lobes of the cerebellum
dentate nucleus - a large laminar nucleus of grey matter within the white matter of each cerebral hemisphere
vermis, vermis cerebelli - the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
paleocerebellum - the anterior lobe of the cerebellum which was one of the earliest parts of the hindbrain to develop in mammals
hindbrain, rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
Translations
mozeček
pikkuaivot

cerebellum

[ˌserɪˈbeləm] N (cerebellums or cerebella (pl)) [ˌserɪˈbelə]cerebelo m

cerebellum

nKleinhirn nt, → Zerebellum nt (spec)

cerebellum

[ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm] n (Anat) → cervelletto

cer·e·bel·lum

n. cerebelo, parte posterior del cerebro, centro de coordinación de los movimientos musculares voluntarios.

cerebellum

n cerebelo
References in periodicals archive ?
Cisplatin eventually damages cerebral, cerebellar cortex, and hippocampus, which ultimately results in seizures, cognition deficits, peripheral and autonomic neuropathies (Chtourou et al.
Postnatal development of the cerebellar cortex in the rat.
The Purkinje cells are flask shaped cells arranged in a single layer in the cerebellar cortex.
Histopathogical findings include widening of the molecular layer of the cerebellar cortex with replacement by abnormal ganglion cells, absence of the Purkinje cell layer, and hypertrophy of the granular cell layer.
31) The Purkinje cells, which are the only output neurons from the cerebellar cortex and become postmitotic at E10.
The cerebellar cortex was formed of three layers: outer molecular layer (M), middle Purkinje cell layer (P) and inner granular layer (G) (Fig.
Ethanol induces a reduction in cortical thickness neuronal density and somatic shrinkage in the cerebellar cortex of adult mice.
PrP microplaques present within molecular layer of cerebellar cortex UK-VV, Mild to moderate spongiform change F([double in basal ganglia, thalamus, and cerebral dagger]) and cerebellar cortices.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a low dose (1/5 DL50) of cypermethrin on the cerebellar cortex, focusing on the density of the Purkinje cell population and the expression of apoptotic (Apaf-1) and proliferation (Ki67) biomarkers, as regulators of cellular proliferation processes, through the route of caspases and cell cycle regulatory factors, respectively.
Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD), also known as dysplastic cerebellar gangliocytoma, is a rare, benign, slow-growing, unilateral mass of the cerebellar cortex.
In the granular layer of the cerebellar cortex we showed bands of tissue rarefaction and a drastic reduction in the number of basket cells.
Vincent identified a truncation in the FBXO31 gene, which plays a role in the way that proteins are processed during development of neurons, particularly in the cerebellar cortex.

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