cerebellum


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

cer·e·bel·lum

 (sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
n. pl. cer·e·bel·lums or cer·e·bel·la (-bĕl′ə)
The trilobed structure of the brain, lying posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata and inferior to the occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.

[Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum, brain; see ker- in Indo-European roots.]

cer′e·bel′lar (-bĕl′ər) adj.

cerebellum

(ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm)
n, pl -lums or -la (-lə)
(Anatomy) one of the major divisions of the vertebrate brain, situated in man above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum, whose function is coordination of voluntary movements and maintenance of bodily equilibrium
[C16: from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum]
ˌcereˈbellar adj

cer•e•bel•lum

(ˌsɛr əˈbɛl əm)

n., pl. -bel•lums, -bel•la (-ˈbɛl ə)
the rounded portion of the brain, directly behind the cerebrum in birds and mammals, that serves mainly to coordinate movement, posture, and balance.
[1555–65; < Latin: brain, diminutive of cerebrum (for formation see castle)]
cer`e•bel′lar, adj.

cer·e·bel·lum

(sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
The part of the vertebrate brain that is located below the cerebrum at the rear of the skull and coordinates balance and muscle activity. In humans and other mammals, the cerebellum is made up of two connecting parts, called hemispheres, consisting of a core of white matter surrounded by gray matter.

cerebellum


click for a larger image
The largest part of the hindbrain, sprouting below the back of the cerebrum. It helps produce smoothly controlled and coordinated muscular movements.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate braincerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
arteria cerebelli, cerebellar artery - an artery that supplies the cerebellum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
cerebellar hemisphere - either of two lateral lobes of the cerebellum
dentate nucleus - a large laminar nucleus of grey matter within the white matter of each cerebral hemisphere
vermis, vermis cerebelli - the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
paleocerebellum - the anterior lobe of the cerebellum which was one of the earliest parts of the hindbrain to develop in mammals
hindbrain, rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
Translations
mozeček
pikkuaivot

cerebellum

[ˌserɪˈbeləm] N (cerebellums or cerebella (pl)) [ˌserɪˈbelə]cerebelo m

cerebellum

nKleinhirn nt, → Zerebellum nt (spec)

cerebellum

[ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm] n (Anat) → cervelletto

cer·e·bel·lum

n. cerebelo, parte posterior del cerebro, centro de coordinación de los movimientos musculares voluntarios.

cerebellum

n cerebelo
References in classic literature ?
Now, I consider that the phrenologists have omitted an important thing in not pushing their investigations from the cerebellum through the spinal canal.
Data analysis revealed that the individuals with an O blood type had more gray matter in the posterior proportion of the cerebellum.
The cerebellum, usually associated with body movements, lit up in brain scans when people played Pictionary, Laura Sanders reported in "Cerebellum may foster creativity" (SN: 6/27/15, p.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Investigators found a surprising link between creative problem-solving and heightened activity in the cerebellum, a structure located in the back of the brain and more typically thought of as the body's movement-coordination center.
The vertebrobasilar system provides blood to the cerebellum, brain stem, occipital lobes, and posterior portions of the temporal lobes and partially to the internal capsules, thalami, and basal ganglia.
Indeed, we have recently shown that mature APP is significantly reduced in human cerebellum compared to entorhinal cortex and hippocampus - the most susceptible human brain regions to AD.
This latest research has discovered a brain pathway leading from the PAG to a highly localised part of the cerebellum, called the pyramis.
In the study, youngsters aged between 17 and 19, who witnessed parental conflicts or went through other unhealthy family situations more often at childhood, had comparatively smaller cerebellum than others.
Kennedy Krieger Institute researchers find that damage to the cerebellum impairs ability to predict motion outcomes and discrimination between limb positions
CHIARI MALFORMATIONS Chiari malformations (CMs) are structural defects in the cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls balance.
Thomas Monte, CISSP PMP ITIL is an international Information Technology executive, author, blogger, and CEO of Cerebellum Strategies, LLC.
In many organs, especially in brain, it causes an increase in the metabolism of cerebellum, cingulate gyrus, corpus callosum, thalamus and hypothalamus.