cerebellum


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cer·e·bel·lum

 (sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
n. pl. cer·e·bel·lums or cer·e·bel·la (-bĕl′ə)
The trilobed structure of the brain, lying posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata and inferior to the occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.

[Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum, brain; see ker- in Indo-European roots.]

cer′e·bel′lar (-bĕl′ər) adj.

cerebellum

(ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm)
n, pl -lums or -la (-lə)
(Anatomy) one of the major divisions of the vertebrate brain, situated in man above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum, whose function is coordination of voluntary movements and maintenance of bodily equilibrium
[C16: from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum]
ˌcereˈbellar adj

cer•e•bel•lum

(ˌsɛr əˈbɛl əm)

n., pl. -bel•lums, -bel•la (-ˈbɛl ə)
the rounded portion of the brain, directly behind the cerebrum in birds and mammals, that serves mainly to coordinate movement, posture, and balance.
[1555–65; < Latin: brain, diminutive of cerebrum (for formation see castle)]
cer`e•bel′lar, adj.

cer·e·bel·lum

(sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
The part of the vertebrate brain that is located below the cerebrum at the rear of the skull and coordinates balance and muscle activity. In humans and other mammals, the cerebellum is made up of two connecting parts, called hemispheres, consisting of a core of white matter surrounded by gray matter.

cerebellum


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The largest part of the hindbrain, sprouting below the back of the cerebrum. It helps produce smoothly controlled and coordinated muscular movements.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate braincerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
arteria cerebelli, cerebellar artery - an artery that supplies the cerebellum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
cerebellar hemisphere - either of two lateral lobes of the cerebellum
dentate nucleus - a large laminar nucleus of grey matter within the white matter of each cerebral hemisphere
vermis, vermis cerebelli - the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
paleocerebellum - the anterior lobe of the cerebellum which was one of the earliest parts of the hindbrain to develop in mammals
hindbrain, rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
Translations
mozeček
pikkuaivot

cerebellum

[ˌserɪˈbeləm] N (cerebellums or cerebella (pl)) [ˌserɪˈbelə]cerebelo m

cerebellum

nKleinhirn nt, → Zerebellum nt (spec)

cerebellum

[ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm] n (Anat) → cervelletto

cer·e·bel·lum

n. cerebelo, parte posterior del cerebro, centro de coordinación de los movimientos musculares voluntarios.

cerebellum

n cerebelo
References in classic literature ?
Now, I consider that the phrenologists have omitted an important thing in not pushing their investigations from the cerebellum through the spinal canal.
Schnitzler, "Coupling between cerebellar hemispheres: behavioural, anatomic, and functional data," Cerebellum, vol.
Notably, there is only one previous case report of a cerebellum mass in a patient with OCD symptoms, which complicated automatic motor activity leading to dysphasia [5].
The cerebellum (CE), pons and medulla (brain stem (BS)), and striatum (only the tissue anterior to the anterior commissure) were collected.
M2 EQUITYBITES-December 7, 2016-Victory Capital Invests in Machine-to-Machine Specialist Cerebellum Capital
This exposure caused a condition called cerebellar hypoplasia, or underdevelopment of the cerebellum.
The opening section of the volume is dedicated to the structure and function of the cerebellum. The specific development of the cerebellum, differently from other structures of the Central Nervous System, begins at a later stage of fetal development and lasts longer, even after birth, thus making the cerebellum particularly vulnerable to a wide range of insults, both genetic and acquired.
This study aimed to explore the expression of BDNF and high-affinity receptors tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) in the cerebellum of rats with PSD.
Data analysis revealed that the individuals with an O blood type had more gray matter in the posterior proportion of the cerebellum. Those with A, B, or AB blood types had smaller gray matter volumes in temporal and limbic regions of the brain, including the left hippocampus--the earliest part of the brain damaged by Alzheimer's disease.
The cerebellum, usually associated with body movements, lit up in brain scans when people played Pictionary, Laura Sanders reported in "Cerebellum may foster creativity" (SN: 6/27/15, p.
DISCUSSION: Lhermitte-Duclos disease was first described in 1920 in the literature under the names of Purkinjeoma, granular cell hypertrophy of the cerebellum, hamartoma of the cerebellum, dysplastic gangliocytoma, ganglioneuroma, and gangliomatosis of the cerebellum.
KOBE, Japan, January 29, 2015--Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology here have succeeded in inducing human embryonic stem cells to self-organize into a three-dimensional structure similar to the cerebellum, providing tantalizing clues in the quest to recreate neural structures in the laboratory.