chain reaction


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to chain reaction: wiggle, Nuclear chain reaction

chain reaction

n.
1. A series of events in which each induces or influences the next.
2. Physics A multistage nuclear reaction, especially a self-sustaining series of fissions in which the release of neutrons from the splitting of one atom leads to the splitting of others.
3. Chemistry A series of reactions in which one product of a reacting set is a reactant in the following set.

chain reaction

n
1. (General Physics) a process in which a neutron colliding with an atomic nucleus causes fission and the ejection of one or more other neutrons, which induce other nuclei to split
2. (Chemistry) a chemical reaction in which the product of one step is a reactant in the following step
3. a series of rapidly occurring events, each of which precipitates the next

chain′ reac`tion


n.
1. a nuclear or chemical reaction in which the reaction products in turn trigger additional reactions.
2. a series of events in which each event is the result of the one preceding and the cause of the one following.
[1925–30]
chain′-re•act`, v.i. -re•act•ed, -re•act•ing.
chain′ re•ac`tor, n.

chain reaction

1. Physics A continuous series of nuclear fissions in which neutrons released from the splitting of one atomic nucleus collide with nearby nuclei, which in turn split and release more neutrons to collide with other nuclei, thus keeping the reaction going. See more at fission. See Note at nuclear reactor.
2. Chemistry A reaction in which a change in one molecule causes changes in many other molecules until a stable compound is formed.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chain reaction - a series of chemical reactions in which the product of one is a reactant in the next
chemical reaction, reaction - (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others; "there was a chemical reaction of the lime with the ground water"
2.chain reaction - a self-sustaining nuclear reaction; a series of nuclear fissions in which neutrons released by splitting one atom leads to the splitting of others
nuclear reaction - (physics) a process that alters the energy or structure or composition of atomic nuclei
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Skin and pharyngeal swab were positive by reverse transcription--polymerase chain reaction, showing 965-bp (Modling) and 300-bp (CDC) DNA amplicons of the rabies virus nucleoprotein gene closely related to other strains from Morocco (GenBank accession nos.
RNA in ticks (Ixodes ricinus) by the polymerase chain reaction. J Virol Methods.
Rational optimization of generic primers used for Norwalk-like virus detection by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. J Clin Virol.
Using polymerase chain reaction and other techniques, Haase's team horned in on T-cells that had migrated to the lymph nodes.
pachydermatis in dogs and their owners as determined by microbiologic culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
A new market study, titled "Global Polymerase Chain Reaction Consumable Market Size, Status and Forecast 2019-2025", has been featured on WiseGuyReports.
[ClickPress, Mon May 13 2019] A new report titled " Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Consumables Market Outlook and Growth Stance Forecasted Through 2026 " has been included in the enormous research repository of Market Research Reports Search Engine (MRRSE) that compiles various facets of the Polymerase Chain Reaction Consumables market at a global level portraying a holistic analysis of the marketplace along with intelligence on key participants.
Saif Jarad; CEO and founder of Chain Reaction was also awarded "MENA Search Personality of the Year" at the end of the ceremony, adding to the remarkable wins of Chain Reaction and concluding the ceremony with yet another achievement by Chain Reaction.
The drop of the Turkish lira following sanctions by the United States has caused global markets to slide, but so far, no chain reaction has appeared affecting other countries, the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA) said Wednesday.
A semitrailer truck driver died Monday night in a four-vehicle chain reaction pileup on the Tri-State Tollway near Rosemont.
DECEMBER 2, 1942--Physicist Enrico Fermi creates the first nuclear chain reaction, in his laboratory at the University of Chicago.