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Related to chalcophile: Lithophile, Siderophile


Relating to or being a chemical element that tends to bond with sulfur and form highly insoluble, dense sulfide minerals. Compounds with chalcophile elements are usually heavier than those with lithophile elements and are thought to fall into a planet's interior but remain above the core when the planet is largely molten during its formation.
A chalcophile element.

[German chalkophil : Greek khalkos, copper + -phile (from the fact that chalcophile elements are concentrated in the same formations as copper).]
References in periodicals archive ?
A few tenths of a percent to a few percent of chalcophile trace elements (As, Se) commonly occur in sulfur and produce material with yellow, brown, orange, and red tints.
Highly Siderophile and Strongly Chalcophile Elements in High-Temperature Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry
Copper is found in chalcophile deposits along with other metals like Pd, Cd, Zn, and so on, which are used in various industries like alloys, ceramics, and pesticides [21], and is also released from plumbing systems [22].
Samples from near the lower and upper contacts of the bentonite bed show also a significant rise in the content of chalcophile elements such as As and Pb, simultaneously with peak S and Fe concentrations.
According to Duffus [1], the scientifically sound designations of elements generally considered as heavy metals are as follows: As, Cd, Hg, Pb, and Sb (Chalcophile); Fe, Co, Cu, Ni, and Zn (lithophile/chalcophile); and Mn and Cr (lithophile).
High values of chalcophile elements (Hg, Bi, Cu, and Ag) were observed in layered magnetite as a below-ore halo and deep-seated iron mineralization.
The inferred host phases for PC1 were a mixture of lithophile (Sr, Sc, Zr, V and Cr; r = 0.803-0.973) and chalcophile (Cu, Ga, Mo and Pb; r = 0.620-0.829).
Moreover, mercury is a strong chalcophile, like zinc and cadmium, and the three metals are found as their sulfide minerals.
Third, the chalcophile (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Mo, As, Ag, Bi) and siderophile elements (Ni, Co) form a large group occupying the middle of the diagram.
(1992): Chalcophile element and iridium in continental Cretaceous--Tertiary boundary Clays from the western interior of the U.
(2000) Edgarite, Fe[Nb.sub.3][S.sub.6], first natural niobium-rich sulfide from the Khibina alkaline complex, Russian Far North: evidence for chalcophile behavior of Nb in a fenite.