chalk

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chalk

 (chôk)
n.
1. A soft compact calcite, CaCO3, with varying amounts of silica, quartz, feldspar, or other mineral impurities, generally gray-white or yellow-white and derived chiefly from fossil seashells.
2.
a. A piece of chalk or chalklike substance in crayon form, used for marking on a blackboard or other surface.
b. Games A small cube of chalk used in rubbing the tip of a billiard or pool cue to increase its friction with the cue ball.
3. A mark made with chalk.
4. Chiefly British A score or tally.
tr.v. chalked, chalk·ing, chalks
1. To mark, draw, or write with chalk: chalked my name on the blackboard.
2. To rub or cover with chalk, as the tip of a billiard cue.
3. To make pale; whiten.
4. To treat (soil, for example) with chalk.
Phrasal Verb:
chalk up
1. To earn or score: chalk up points.
2. To credit or ascribe: Chalk that up to experience.

[Middle English, from Old English cealk, from Latin calx, calc-, lime; see calx.]

chalk′i·ness n.
chalk′y adj.

chalk

(tʃɔːk)
n
1. (Geological Science) a soft fine-grained white sedimentary rock consisting of nearly pure calcium carbonate, containing minute fossil fragments of marine organisms, usually without a cementing material
2. a piece of chalk or a substance like chalk, often coloured, used for writing and drawing on a blackboard
3. a line, mark, etc made with chalk
4. (Billiards & Snooker) billiards snooker a small cube of prepared chalk or similar substance for rubbing the tip of a cue
5. Brit a score, tally, or record
6. as alike as chalk and cheese as different as chalk and cheese informal totally different in essentials
7. by a long chalk informal Brit by far
8. can't tell chalk from cheese doesn't know chalk from cheese to be unable to judge or appreciate important differences
9. not by a long chalk informal Brit by no means; not possibly
10. (modifier) made of chalk
vb
11. to draw or mark (something) with chalk
12. (tr) to mark, rub, or whiten with or as if with chalk
13. (Building) (intr) (of paint) to become chalky; powder
14. (Agriculture) (tr) to spread chalk on (land) as a fertilizer
[Old English cealc, from Latin calx limestone, from Greek khalix pebble]
ˈchalkˌlike adj
ˈchalky adj
ˈchalkiness n

chalk

(tʃɔk)

n.
1. a soft, white, powdery limestone consisting chiefly of fossil shells of foraminifers.
2. a piece of chalk or chalklike substance for marking, as a blackboard crayon.
3. a mark made with chalk.
4. a score or tally.
v.t.
5. to mark with chalk.
6. to rub over or whiten with chalk.
v.i.
7. (of paint) to powder from weathering.
8. chalk up,
a. to score or earn, as points in a game.
b. to attribute.
[before 900; Middle English chalke, Old English cealc < Latin calc-, calx lime; see calcium]
chalk′y, adj. -i•er, -i•est.

chalk

(chôk)
A soft, white, gray, or yellow limestone formed primarily from fossil seashells and consisting mainly of calcium carbonate. Chalk is used in making lime, cement, and fertilizers, and as a whitening pigment in ceramics, paints, and cosmetics. The chalk used in classrooms, however, is usually artificial and not natural.

chalk

1. A soft stone, similar to a very soft limestone, used for drawing. Crayon is powdered chalk mixed with wax or oil.
2. A white, soft form of limestone.

Chalk

1. A pale, thin, whitish ale.
2. Another name for Chock or Choc (see Choc beer).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Chalk - a soft whitish calcitechalk - a soft whitish calcite    
chalk - a piece of calcite or a similar substance, usually in the shape of a crayon, that is used to write or draw on blackboards or other flat surfaces
calcite - a common mineral consisting of crystallized calcium carbonate; a major constituent of limestone
calcium carbonate - a salt found in nature as chalk or calcite or aragonite or limestone
2.chalk - a pure flat white with little reflectance
whiteness, white - the quality or state of the achromatic color of greatest lightness (bearing the least resemblance to black)
3.chalk - an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant
amphetamine, pep pill, upper, speed - a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
controlled substance - a drug or chemical substance whose possession and use are controlled by law
4.chalk - a piece of calcite or a similar substance, usually in the shape of a crayon, that is used to write or draw on blackboards or other flat surfaces
drawing chalk - colored chalks used by artists
tailor's chalk - chalk used by tailors to make temporary marks on cloth
writing implement - an implement that is used to write
chalk - a soft whitish calcite
Verb1.chalk - write, draw, or trace with chalk
draw - represent by making a drawing of, as with a pencil, chalk, etc. on a surface; "She drew an elephant"; "Draw me a horse"
Translations
جير، جَصطَبَاشِيرطَبْشورَه
křídakřídový útes
kridtskrivekridt
kreto
liituliitukivimagnesium
kreda
kapurkapur tulis
krítkalksteinn
チョーク
분필
išbalęskalkakmeniskreidakreidinis
kaļķakmenskrīts
krijtkrijtgesteente
krieda
kreda
krita
หินชอล์ก
phấn viết

chalk

[tʃɔːk]
A. N (Geol) → creta f; (for writing) → tiza f, gis m (Mex)
a (piece of) chalkuna tiza f, un gis m (Mex)
by a long chalk (Brit) → de lejos
not by a long chalk (Brit) → ni con mucho, ni mucho menos
to be as different as chalk and cheeseser como el día y la noche
B. VT [+ message] → escribir con tiza; [+ luggage] → marcar con tiza
chalk up VT + ADV (lit) → apuntar (fig) [+ success, victory] → apuntarse

chalk

[ˈtʃɔːk]
n
(= rock, soil) → craie f
to be like chalk and cheese, to be chalk and cheese (British)être le jour et la nuit
(to write with)craie f
by a long chalk (= by far) → de loin
not by a long chalk (British)loin s'en faut
modif [soil] → crayeux/euse
chalk up
vt
(on blackboard)écrire à la craie
(fig) [+ success, win] → remporterchalk board n (US)tableau m, tableau m noirchalk dust npoussière f de craie

chalk

nKreide f; (= limestone also)Kalkstein m; white as chalkkreidebleich; not by a long chalk (Brit inf) → bei Weitem nicht, noch nicht einmal annähernd; the biggest by a long chalk (Brit inf) → bei Weitem der Größte; they’re as different as chalk and cheese (Brit) → sie sind (so verschieden) wie Tag und Nacht
vt message etcmit Kreide schreiben; luggage etcmit Kreide kennzeichnen; billiard cuemit Kreide einreiben

chalk

:
chalk dust
nKreidestaub m
chalkface
n (Brit Sch hum) at the chalkim Klassenzimmer

chalk

[tʃɔːk]
1. ngesso
a (piece of) chalk → un gesso (child's) → un gessetto
not by a long chalk (fam) → proprio per niente or nulla, niente affatto
they are as different as chalk and cheese → sono diversi come il giorno e la notte
2. vt (message) → scrivere col gesso; (luggage) → segnare col gesso
chalk up vt + advscrivere col gesso (fig) (success) → ottenere; (victory) → riportare

chalk

(tʃoːk) noun
1. a white rock; a type of limestone.
2. (a piece of) a chalk-like substance used for writing (especially on blackboards). a box of chalks.
ˈchalky adjective
1. of or like chalk. a chalky substance.
2. white or pale. Her face looked chalky.
ˈchalkboard noun
a smooth board, usually green, for writing or drawing on with crayon or chalk.

Chalk

طَبَاشِير křída kridt Kreide κιμωλία tiza, yeso liitu craie kreda gesso チョーク 분필 krijt kritt kreda giz мел krita หินชอล์ก tebeşir phấn viết 粉笔

chalk

n. yeso.
References in classic literature ?
These mountains abound also with mineral earths, or chalks of various colors; especially two kinds of ochre, one a pale, the other a bright red, like vermilion; much used by the Indians, in painting their bodies.
There were also some rather commonplace pictures of river scenery, a paint-box, a box of colored chalks, some brushes, that curved bone which lies upon my inkstand, a volume of Baxter's `Moths and Butterflies,' a cheap revolver, and a few cartridges.
His horses were by chalks the best there, and his pals rode them like the foul fiend, but with the worst of luck every time.
Look here, Monty," he said, "you shall have the brandy; you've no right to it, and you're best without it by long chalks.
I seized my chalks and began with that confidence in myself which has never forsaken me in any emergency.
As I went along the road back to the bridge, I kept picking off little pieces of scaly chalk from the dried water gullies, and breaking them up in my hands.
When an Erie baggagemaster saw it two years ago, he could hardly keep from checking it; and once when a customs inspector was brought into its presence, he gazed upon it in silent rapture for some moments, then slowly and unconsciously placed one hand behind him with the palm uppermost, and got out his chalk with the other.
Well, there was a big outlandish parrot on each side of the clock, made out of something like chalk, and painted up gaudy.
Rebecca liked better to draw things less realistic, and speedily, before the eyes of the enchanted multitude, there grew under her skillful fingers an American flag done in red, white, and blue chalk, every star in its right place, every stripe fluttering in the breeze.
There was a bar at the Jolly Bargemen, with some alarmingly long chalk scores in it on the wall at the side of the door, which seemed to me to be never paid off.
Looking back at the old town, with its one steep street climbing the white face of the chalk hill, I remembered what wonderful exotic women Thomas Hardy had found eating their hearts out behind the windows of dull country high streets, through which hung waving no banners of romance, outwardly as unpromising of adventure as the windows of the town I had left.
But when he saw that a cross had been made on the door of the house where the Soldier lived, he took a piece of chalk also, and made crosses on all the doors in the town; and that was very clever, for now the lady-in-waiting could not find the right house, as there were crosses on all the doors.