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A low-growing perennial plant whose dormant overwintering buds are borne at or just above the surface of the ground.

[Greek khamai, on the ground; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots + -phyte.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Botany) a plant whose buds are close to the ground
[C20: from Greek khamai on the ground + -phyte]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈkæm əˌfaɪt)

a plant having buds near ground level.
[1910–15; < Greek chamaí on the ground + -phyte]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therophyte and chamaephyte are the most dominant life forms in Tabuk region.
x Vitaceae Cissus bahiensis Lombardi x Vochysiaceae Vochysia thyrsoidea Phol Undetermined Undetermined 1 Undetermined 2 Undetermined 3 Undetermined 4 Undetermined 5 Undetermined 6 x Undetermined 7 x Undetermined 8 x Undetermined 9 x Undetermined 10 x 117 LF = Life form; Ch: chamaephyte; H: hemicryptophyte; Ph: phanerophyte; Th: therophyte; Cr: cryptophyte; Su: "suculenta"; Ep: epiphyte; OPI: open cerrado (site I); OPII (site II): open cerrado II; ROC: rocky outcrop cerrado; TC: typical cerrado; CCT: cerrado-caatinga transition; CAA: caatinga.
Geo: geophyte; Hc: hemicryptophyte; He: hemiepiphyte; Ep: epiphyte; Cha: chamaephyte; Pha: phanerophyte; Rhi: rhizomatous; Rep: repent; Esc: Scandent; Ros: rosulate; Ter: terrestrial; Rup: rupicola; HCor: hemicorticicolous; Cor: corticicolous; Cap: fibrous adventitious root mantle.
judaica as follow: Chamaephyte, 50-80 cm, aromatic, branched from base, densely tomentose, grayish to whitish.
In life form spectra, liana and microphanerophyte species have increased, but epiphyte, megaphanerophyte, mesophanerophyte and chamaephyte species have been reduced in fragmented forests (Zhu et al., 2004, 2010).
La classification des types biologique prend en compte la position de bourgeon de renovation du vegetal par rapport au sol durant la periode froide est permet de reconnaitre 5 types biologiques, definis par Raunkiaer (1934) selon la nature morphologique et qui sont: phanerophyte, chamaephyte, hemicryptophyte, geophytes et therophytes.
Growth form (erect, semi-erect, or prostrate) and life form (trees, phanerophyte, chamaephyte, annual shrubs, perennial forbs, perennial grasses, biennial forbs, therophyte, or climbers) were assigned following Ali and Jari [1] and Sankary[26].
a) Raunkiaer's life-form categories (Mueller-Dombois and Ellenberg, 1974): chamaephyte (Ch), geophyte (G), therophytes (Th), herbaceous vines (Hv), holoparasites (Ho), and hemicryptophyte (H).
It is known as the desert cotton; this tropical chamaephyte (semi shrub) is native to Northern Africa to South Western regions of Asia and is being introduced as alien plant to Australia.
Species Family Biological Type Hammada scoparia (Pomel.) Iljin Amaranthaceae Chamaephyte Artemisia herba alba Asso Asteraceae Chamaephyte Cotula cinerea Del.