Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


A low-growing perennial plant whose dormant overwintering buds are borne at or just above the surface of the ground.

[Greek khamai, on the ground; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots + -phyte.]


(Botany) a plant whose buds are close to the ground
[C20: from Greek khamai on the ground + -phyte]


(ˈkæm əˌfaɪt)

a plant having buds near ground level.
[1910–15; < Greek chamaí on the ground + -phyte]
References in periodicals archive ?
In life form spectra, liana and microphanerophyte species have increased, but epiphyte, megaphanerophyte, mesophanerophyte and chamaephyte species have been reduced in fragmented forests (Zhu et al.
La classification des types biologique prend en compte la position de bourgeon de renovation du vegetal par rapport au sol durant la periode froide est permet de reconnaitre 5 types biologiques, definis par Raunkiaer (1934) selon la nature morphologique et qui sont: phanerophyte, chamaephyte, hemicryptophyte, geophytes et therophytes.
Therophyte and chamaephyte are the most dominant life forms in Tabuk region.
judaica as follow: Chamaephyte, 50-80 cm, aromatic, branched from base, densely tomentose, grayish to whitish.
Growth form (erect, semi-erect, or prostrate) and life form (trees, phanerophyte, chamaephyte, annual shrubs, perennial forbs, perennial grasses, biennial forbs, therophyte, or climbers) were assigned following Ali and Jari [1] and Sankary[26].
Densidad de especies: 6 (rango: 4-11) References: FV (biological form), C: Chamaephyte, H: Hemicryptophyte, Na: Nanopaherophyte, T: Terophyte.
2005) Ph phanerophyte, Ch chamaephyte, He hemicryptophyte, Cr cryptophyte, Th therophyte Fig.
a) Raunkiaer's life-form categories (Mueller-Dombois and Ellenberg, 1974): chamaephyte (Ch), geophyte (G), therophytes (Th), herbaceous vines (Hv), holoparasites (Ho), and hemicryptophyte (H).
It is known as the desert cotton; this tropical chamaephyte (semi shrub) is native to Northern Africa to South Western regions of Asia and is being introduced as alien plant to Australia.
November 2002 (early rainy season), Ph = phanerophyte, Ch = chamaephyte, H = hemicryptophyte, Cr = cryptophyte and Th = therophytes.
C Geophyte 1C castellanum Adenocarpus argyrophyllus C Microphanerophyte 1C Adenocarpus telonensis S Nanophanerophyte 2 Allium schmitzii NS Helophyte 2 Allium victorialis N Geophyte 1C Anarrhinum duriminium N Chamaephyte 2 Anarrhinum N Hemicriptophyte 1A longipedicellatum Anthemis alpestris N Chamaephyte 1C Antirrhinum cirrhigerum S Chamaephyte 2 Antirrhinum linkianum NS Chamaephyte 2 Anthyllis vulneraria N Chamaephyte 1A subsp.