chamaephyte

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cham·ae·phyte

 (kăm′ə-fīt′)
n.
A low-growing perennial plant whose dormant overwintering buds are borne at or just above the surface of the ground.

[Greek khamai, on the ground; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots + -phyte.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

chamaephyte

(ˈkæməˌfaɪt)
n
(Botany) a plant whose buds are close to the ground
[C20: from Greek khamai on the ground + -phyte]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cham•ae•phyte

(ˈkæm əˌfaɪt)

n.
a plant having buds near ground level.
[1910–15; < Greek chamaí on the ground + -phyte]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Megaphanerophytes 22 6.11 0 0.00 Mesophanerophytes 59 16.39 27 15.52 Microphanerophytes 108 30.00 35 20.11 Nanophanerophytes 33 9.17 16 9.20 Chamaephytes & Herbaceous 42 11.67 36 20.69 phancrophytes Geophytes 19 5.28 4 2.30 Hemieryptophytes 16 4.44 16 9.20 Liana 54 15.00 35 20.11 Epiphytes 7 1.94 5 2.87 Total species 360 100.00 174 100.00 Forest type SWEB on UMEB limestone Life forms No.
In this heterogeneous environment the floristic spectra change in the different habitats, where the grasslands had a higher percentage of hemicryptophytes followed by chamaephytes; and the scrub boundaries are more phanerophytic (Caiafa & Silva, 2005; Conceicao & Pirani, 2007).
The life form spectra showed 31 (39.74%) therophytes, 17 (21.79%) megaphanerophytes, 12 (15.38%) cryptophytes, 11 (14.10%) nanophanerophytes, 5 (6.41%) hemicryptophytes and 2 (2.56%) chamaephytes (Table 2, Fig.
Vascular plants of the island mainly include therophytes (~ 62 %), hemicryptophytes (~20 %), geophytes (~9 %), chamaephytes (~5.5 %), nanophanerophytes (~2.3 %) and phanerophytes (~1.8 %).
Hafir: Th > Ch > Ge > He > Ph; Sebdou: Th > Ch > Ge > He, Ph; Tlemcen: Th > Ch > He > Ge, Ph; Sidi Djilali: Th > Ch > He > Ph > Ge (Th: therophytes, Ch: chamaephytes; He: hemicryptophytes; Ph: phanerophytes; Ge: geophytes).
(1988; see also Meddour, 2010) about some Moroccan vegetation: "complex and heterogeneous vegetation structures, mainly integrating heavily anthropized degradation stages ('dematorralisation' process), in which the chamaephytes linked to the Cisto-Lavanduletea or Rosmarinetea can play an important physiognomic role and whose interpretation is not easy".
The percentages of biological shapes of plants in the region are: 47% (Therophytes), 24% (Hemichriptophytes), 12% (Phanerophytes), 10% (Geophytes), 30% (Chamaephytes), 2% (Hydrophytes), and 2% (Halophytes).
The life form spectrum of the recorded species showed the prevalence of theorphytes (37%) followed by chamaephytes (32%), geeophytes (13%), hemicryptophytes (10%) and Phanerophytes (8%).
The proportions of herbaceous-subshrub/shrub-arboreal (epiphytes, succulents, chamaephytes, hemicryptophytes, and therophytes /phanerophytes) species were calculated for each of the vegetation types, for cerrado-caatinga transition, and for the different cerrado physiognomies.
Proposed by Raunkiaer (1934), the system classifies plants according to forms used to protect their perennating buds during unfavorable seasons, and groups them into five main classes: therophytes, cryptophytes, hemicryptophytes, chamaephytes and phanerophytes, according to their different resistance strategies to environmental conditions.