The open, chasmogamous
flowers (1 cm) of Epifagus are tubular, having four purple and white petals and are located on the upper portion of the stem (Radford et al.
Flowers are hermaphrodites and typically chasmogamous
, with five yellow, white or pink-purplish petals conforming a disc-shaped corolla.
Aspicarpa steinmannii differs from all other species of Aspicarpa by the combination of a shrubby habit with very small leaves lacking stipules, floral bracts equalling the vegetative leaves, chasmogamous
flowers borne at the apex of branches, and a samara with the three equal wings.
cleistogamous and restricted, Iberian chasmogamous
are peninsula & North self-compatible Africa A.
Establishment of chasmogamous
and cleistogamous seedlings of an ant-dispersed understory herb, Calathea micans (Marantaceae).
caroliniensis are known to produce both chasmogamous
(outcrossed) and cleistogamous (small, self-fertilized) flowers (Long & Uttal 1962; Long & Lakela 1978).
Fruwirth (1905) observed that cool temperature and adequate rain can increase the proportion of chasmogamous
She is studying the effect of prescribed fire and invasive plant removal on the demography, population genetic structure, and breeding system of Viola conspersa, a state-listed violet that produces both chasmogamous
(open) and cleistogamous (closed) flowers.
Germination requirements of aerial chasmogamous
florets and seeds of Nassella leucotricha (Poaceae).
flowers), but it also produces cleistogamous flowers, which do not open and are self-pollinated.
It reproduces primarily by cleistogamous flowers (obligately self-fertilized), but larger plants may produce chasmogamous
flowers (potentially outcrossing).
Plants of Impatiens are capable of producing both cleistogamous (CL) and chasmogamous