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Related to chassepot: Dreyse needle gun


A breechloading rifle introduced into the French army in 1866.

[French, after Antoine Alphonse Chassepot (1833-1905), French gunsmith.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈʃæspəʊ; French ʃaspo)
(Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) a breech-loading bolt-action rifle formerly used by the French Army
[C19: named after A. A. Chassepot (1833–1905), French gunsmith who invented it]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈʃæs poʊ)

a breech-loading rifle, closed with a sliding bolt, introduced into the French army after 1866.
[1865–70; after A. A. Chassepot (1833–1905), French mechanic, who invented it]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in classic literature ?
There appeared now to be a constant danger of marrying the American girl; it was something one had to reckon with, like the railway, the telegraph, the discovery of dynamite, the Chassepot rifle, the Socialistic spirit: it was one of the complications of modern life.
Initially troops were armed with imports such as the French Chassepot and Gras, Dutch Beaumont rifles and the French Lefaucheux-style pinfire revolvers.
The resulting Fucile d' Fanteria Modello 1860/67 was a bolt-action, needle-fire rifle inspired by the German Dreyse and French Chassepot rifles, and fired a combustible 17.5mm paper cartridge.
There were several options, including a needle-fire system like the Dreyse, in which a long needle penetrated a paper cartridge to ignite a percussion cap, and the Chassepot, then being adopted by the French, which also employed a self-consuming cartridge.
1866 p" (the Chassepot), the French were no match for Prussian armies.
This proved almost useless, since it was finally the bolt-action, breech-loading needle rifle "Chassepot" to come away victorious from these military tests.
C'est epatant comme ca a du chien, les notaires, les vitriers, les percepteurs [...] et tous les ventres [c'est-a-dire, la reduction du bourgeois a son ventre saillant] qui, chassepot au coeur, font du patrouillotisme [...].
French long-service professionals fought against Prussian conscripts, Chassepot rifles and Mitrailleuse machine guns against the Dreyse needle gun, Krupp's new steel breech-loading six-pounder gun against the French army's four-pounder bronze muzzle-loaders, an efficient general staff against a poor one.
1.866 Chassepot rifles were obtained, possibly from German dealers, but were found unsuitable and returned to Germany to be converted to use metallic cartridges.