fracture(redirected from chauffeur's fracture)
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left to right: transverse, oblique, and greenstick fractures
a. The act or process of breaking.
b. The condition of having been broken or ruptured: "a sudden and irreparable fracture of the established order" (W. Bruce Lincoln).
2. A break, rupture, or crack, especially in bone or cartilage.
a. The characteristic manner in which a mineral breaks.
b. The characteristic appearance of the surface of a broken mineral.
4. Geology A crack or fault in a rock.
v. frac·tured, frac·tur·ing, frac·tures
a. To cause to break: The impact of the fall fractured the bone. See Synonyms at break.
b. To undergo a break in (a bone): He fractured his ankle in the fall.
2. To disrupt or destroy as if by breaking: fractured the delicate balance of power.
3. To abuse or misuse flagrantly, as by violating rules: ignorant writers who fracture the language.
4. Slang To cause to laugh heartily: "Jack Benny fractured audiences ... for more than 50 years" (Newsweek).
To undergo a fracture.
1. the act of breaking or the state of being broken
a. the breaking or cracking of a bone or the tearing of a cartilage
3. a division, split, or breach
4. (Geological Science) mineralogy
a. the characteristic appearance of the surface of a freshly broken mineral or rock
b. the way in which a mineral or rock naturally breaks
5. to break or cause to break; split
6. (Pathology) to break or crack (a bone) or (of a bone) to become broken or cracked
7. (Pathology) to tear (a cartilage) or (of a cartilage) to become torn
[C15: from Old French, from Latin fractūra, from frangere to break]
n., v. -tured, -tur•ing. n.
1. the breaking of a bone, cartilage, or the like, or the resulting condition. Compare compound fracture.
2. the act of breaking or the state of being broken.
3. a break; split.
4. the characteristic manner of breaking.
5. the characteristic appearance of a broken surface, as of a mineral.v.t.
6. to cause or to suffer a fracture in.
7. to break; crack.
8. Slang. to amuse highly.v.i.
9. to become fractured; break.
[1375–1425; late Middle English < Middle French < Latin frāctūra a breach, cleft, fracture]
A break or crack in a bone, usually also involving injury to surrounding structures. A fracture occurs when a force greater than the strength of the bone is applied, as in a fall.
Past participle: fractured
A break in a bone. There are three types: closed, open, and complicated (closed or open).
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|Noun||1.||fracture - breaking of hard tissue such as bone; "it was a nasty fracture"; "the break seems to have been caused by a fall"|
harm, hurt, injury, trauma - any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
comminuted fracture - fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
complete fracture - break involving the entire width of the bone
compound fracture, open fracture - bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
compression fracture - fracture in which the bone collapses (especially in short bones such as vertebrae)
depressed fracture - fracture of the skull where the bone is pushed in
displaced fracture - fracture in which the two ends of the broken bone are separated from one another
fatigue fracture, stress fracture - fracture resulting from excessive activity rather than a specific injury
capillary fracture, hairline fracture - a fracture without separation of the fragments and the line of the break being very thin
incomplete fracture - fracture that does not go across the entire width of the bone
impacted fracture - fracture in which one broken end is wedged into the other broken end
|2.||fracture - (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other; "they built it right over a geological fault"; "he studied the faulting of the earth's crust"|
geology - a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
fault line - (geology) line determined by the intersection of a geological fault and the earth's surface
inclined fault - a geological fault in which one side is above the other
strike-slip fault - a geological fault in which one of the adjacent surfaces appears to have moved horizontally
|3.||fracture - the act of cracking something|
|Verb||1.||fracture - violate or abuse; "This writer really fractures the language"|
|2.||fracture - interrupt, break, or destroy; "fracture the balance of power"|
|3.||fracture - break into pieces; "The pothole fractured a bolt on the axle"|
break - destroy the integrity of; usually by force; cause to separate into pieces or fragments; "He broke the glass plate"; "She broke the match"
|4.||fracture - become fractured; "The tibia fractured from the blow of the iron pipe"|
fracture - break (a bone); "She broke her clavicle"
|5.||fracture - break (a bone); "She broke her clavicle"|
refracture - break (a bone) that was previously broken but mended in an abnormal way; "The surgeon had to refracture her wrist"
fracture - become fractured; "The tibia fractured from the blow of the iron pipe"
|6.||fracture - fracture a bone of; "I broke my foot while playing hockey"|
fracture - break (a bone); "She broke her clavicle"
كَسْركَسْر، شَجَّـهيَكْسِر، يَشُجُّ
a break of anything hard, especially a bone. a fracture of the left thigh-bone. breuk كَسْر، شَجَّـه счупване fratura zlomenina der Bruch brud κάταγμα, θλάσηfractura (luu)murd شکستگی murtuma fractureשבר टूटना, भंजन lom, prijelom (kosti) (csont)törés patahan (bein)brot frattura 骨折 골절 lūžis lūzums patahan breukbruddzłamanie درز، كسر، ماتوالى، چاود fractura fractură перелом; трещина zlomenina zlom fraktura fraktur, [ben]brott การแตก; การร้าว (โดยเฉพาะกระดูก) kırık, çatlak 折斷 перелом کسی سخت چیز کا ٹوٹنا sự gãy, vỡ (nhất là xương) 折断verb
to break. The metal pipes (were) fractured. gebreek يَكْسِر، يَشُجُّ чупя quebrar zlomit brechen brække σπάζωfracturar murdma, murduma شکستن murtua briser, fracturer לִשבּוֹר टूट जाना slomiti (se), puknuti (el)törik patah brjóta fratturare, rompere 折る 부러지다 (su)lūžti, (nu)laužti lūzt mematahkan brekenbrekkezłamać ماتول quebrar a se sparge, a se rupe ломать zlomiť zlomiti polomiti bryta[s] แตก kırmak 斷裂 ламати(ся) توڑنا gãy hay rạn nứt 断裂
fracture→ كَسْر zlomenina brud Knochenbruch κάταγμα fractura murtuma fracture prijelom frattura 骨折 골절 breuk brudd złamanie fratura перелом fraktur การแตกโดยเฉพาะกระดูก kırık vết rạn 破裂
n. fractura, rotura; pop. quebradura;
incomplete ___ → ___ incompleta.