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Any of several tropical Asian trees of the genus Hydnocarpus, whose seeds contain an oil formerly used to treat skin lesions caused by leprosy and other diseases.

[Bengali cāulmugrā.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(tʃɔːlˈmuːɡrə) or


1. (Plants) a tropical Asian tree, Taraktogenos (or Hydnocarpus) kurzii: family Flacourtiaceae
2. (Pharmacology) oil from the seed of this tree, used in treating leprosy
3. (Plants) any of several similar or related trees
[from Bengali cāulmugrā, from cāul rice + mugrā hemp]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chaulmoogra - East Indian tree with oily seeds yield chaulmoogra oil used to treat leprosychaulmoogra - East Indian tree with oily seeds yield chaulmoogra oil used to treat leprosy
genus Hydnocarpus, genus Taraktagenos, genus Taraktogenos, Hydnocarpus, Taraktagenos, Taraktogenos - medium to large Indonesian and Malaysian trees
tree - a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Website: Beauty Ingredients: Panthenol, Natural Alpha Bisabolol, Astaxanthin Oleoresin, 3% Natural Astaxanthin Haematococcus Pluvialis algal biomass, Amla oil, Chaulmoogra oil, Jojoba oil, Customized synthetic wax, Customized liquid extracts and oil infusions, Vitamin blends
Hydnocarpus oil or chaulmoogra oil is prepared from the seeds of Hydnocarpus spp.
The website offers many Pure Carrier and Base oils that one can buy online such as Olive, Argan, Sunflower, Hemp Seed, Pumpkin Seed, Spice Oil, Sweet Almond, Cashewnut, Watermelon, Castor, Sesame Seed, Chaulmoogra, Wheatgerm, Chironji, Moringa, Grape Seed, Cinnamon, Muskmelon, Coconut, Jojoba, Cucumber, Evening Primrose and a lot more.
Leprosy in India was first described in the Susrutha Samhita written about 600 BC (Hove) and treatment with Chaulmoogra oil was known at that time.
Somewhat more controversially, for a dictionary that aims to give prominence to the American variety of English, KFD features a disproportionately high number of Briticisms, the most curious among them being items of Anglo-Indian provenance, such as, e.g., kheda 'enclosure for catching elephants', or chaulmoogra 'East-Indian tree, Taractogenos or Hydnocarpus, the oil of which is used for treating leprosy and skin diseases'.