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(Education) (in the US, formerly) a summer school or educational meeting held in the summer
[C19: named after Chautauqua, a lake in New York near which such a school was first held]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
Chau•tau•qua(ʃəˈtɔ kwə, tʃə-)
1. Lake, a lake in SW New York. 18 mi. (29 km) long.
2. a village on this lake: summer educational center.
3. the annual summer meetings of this center, with public lectures, concerts, etc.
4. (usu. l.c.) a similar assembly elsewhere.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Chautauquaan educational assembly modelled on that at Lake Chautauqua, 1874.
Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.