chemoautotroph


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Related to chemoautotroph: Chemoheterotroph

che·mo·au·to·troph

 (kē′mō-ô′tə-trŏf′, -trōf′, kĕm′ō-)
che′mo·au′to·troph′ic adj.
che′mo·au·tot′ro·phy (-ô-tŏt′rə-fē) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

chemoautotroph

(ˌkiːməʊˈɔːtəˌtrəʊf)
n
an organism that obtains energy through chemoautotrophy
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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References in periodicals archive ?
japonicum, being a facultative chemoautotroph, utilizes H2 gas as an electron donor in a respiratory chain terminated by oxygen to provide energy for cellular processes and C[O.sub.2] assimilation [53].
Anaerobic oxidation of arsenite in Mono Lake water and by a facultative, arsenite-oxidizing chemoautotroph, strain MLHE-1.
But Desulfovibrio is not a photoautotroph; it's a chemoautotroph. Chemoautotrophs also make their own food, but they don't use photosynthesis to do it.
The canonical network of autotrophic intermediary metabolism: minimal mctabolome of a reductive chemoautotroph. Biol.
Figures 3 and 4 trace the synthetic pathways from the core anabolic chart to the coenzymes of a representative chemoautotroph (Srinivasan and Morowitz, 2009).
Also presented is a compilation of biochemical reactions and a list of metabolites enumerating a representative minimal metabolome of a free-living reductive chemoautotroph.
They possess both chemoautotrophs and photoautotrophs properties, allowing themselves to either utilizing light source or through oxidizing nutrient rich compound from their environment for their energy needs.
The carboxysome, a polyhedral protein microcompartment found in all cyanobacteria and in many chemoautotrophs, is filled with ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO), the enzyme that catalyzes the fixation of C[O.sub.2] onto ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate and produces two molecules of 3-phosphoglycerate.
Contribution of symbiotic chemoautotrophs to the nutrition of benthic invertebrates.
Many of the larger animals that are present depend on chemoautotrophs, microbes that get energy directly from such compounds as the sulfides that swirl from hot-water vents and deteriorating whale bones.