It is a chemokine, thus increasing chemokinesis
and acting as a chemiotactic factor.
Waltenberger, "Low density lipoprotein interferes with intracellular signaling of monocytes resulting in impaired chemotaxis and enhanced chemokinesis
," International Journal of Cardiology, vol.
One research has shown increased chemotactic activity of macrophage, decreased IL1, TNF-[alpha] production, and chemokinesis
that occur in in vivo opioids exposure .
is ensured by sufficient expression of surface receptors, including the IL-8 receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2, Fc[gamma]RIII (CD16), IL-6 receptor (IL-6R), and complement receptor C5aR1 .
Random cell motility (chemokinesis
) was assessed by adding an equal concentration of cytokines in both upper and lower wells of the chamber.
Neutrophils exhibit diminished phagocytosis and have an impaired capacity to control their direction of migration (chemotaxis), but their speed of movement (chemokinesis
) is maintained.
Tada, "Strongyloides ratti: chemokinesis
of glycolytic enzyme- and lectin-treated thirdstage infective larvae in vitro," Parasitology International, vol.
PRP addition in culture medium promoted the proliferation and differentiation of MSCs, PRP can improve cell chemokinesis
and chemotaxis through cytoskeleton reorganization and accelerate cell migration, thus influencing cells mobility, and antimicrobial effects have been suggested as well, which are highly desirable in relation to a surgical bone application .
(8) Stromal cell-derived factor-1 ([SDF.sub.1]), a chemokine factor expressed by BMSCs, regulates the trafficking, homing and migration of stem cell by mediating chemokinesis
and chemotaxis into the injury site.
Furthermore, it has been found that the amoeba produces factor inhibitor locomotion monocytes (FILM) which in turn inhibits the chemotaxis and chemokinesis
of macrophages (Kretschmer et al., 1985).
Chateauneuf et al., "Selective modulation of chemokinesis
, degranulation, and apoptosis in eosinophils through the PGD2 receptors CRTH2 and DP," Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol.
Further studies provided evidence for ATP- and ADP-induced microglial chemokinesis
(motility) and chemotaxis (directed migration) in cultured microglia exposed to varying concentrations of purines .