chemosynthesis


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che·mo·syn·the·sis

 (kē′mō-sĭn′thĭ-sĭs, kĕm′ō-)
n.
The synthesis of organic compounds by certain bacteria, especially in deep-sea hydrothermal vents, using energy obtained from the chemical oxidation of simple inorganic compounds. Chemosynthesis is thought to have been used by the first forms of life on Earth.

che′mo·syn·thet′ic (-sĭn-thĕt′ĭk) adj.
che′mo·syn·thet′i·cal·ly adv.

chemosynthesis

(ˌkɛməʊˈsɪnθɪsɪs)
n
(Biochemistry) the formation of organic material by certain bacteria using energy derived from simple chemical reactions
chemosynthetic adj
ˌchemosynˈthetically adv

che•mo•syn•the•sis

(ˌki moʊˈsɪn θə sɪs, ˌkɛm oʊ-)

n.
the synthesis of organic compounds within an organism, with chemical reactions providing the energy source.
[1900–05]
che`mo•syn•thet′ic (-ˈθɛt ɪk) adj.
che`mo•syn•thet′i•cal•ly, adv.

che·mo·syn·the·sis

(kē′mō-sĭn′thĭ-sĭs)
The formation of organic compounds using the energy released from chemical reactions instead of the energy of sunlight. Bacteria living in deep, dark areas of the ocean are able to survive by chemosynthesis. They use energy derived from the oxidation of inorganic chemicals, such as sulfur from deep volcanic vents, to make their food. Compare photosynthesis.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chemosynthesis - synthesis of carbohydrate from carbon dioxide and water; limited to certain bacteria and fungi
synthesis - the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Role of Microbes in Agriculture: Sergei Vinogradskii's Discovery and Investigation of Chemosynthesis, 1880-1910," Journal of the History of Biology 39, 2 (2006): 373-406; and Nikolai Krementsov, International Science between the World Wars: 7be Case of Genetics (London: Routledge, 2004).
Bacteria are both consumers and producers and are the primary producers in chemosynthesis, so they will influence the chemical environment, which allows other forms of life to establish.
Urban Blooms and Chemosynthesis integrate found objects with slip cast and unfired slip applications, alluding to consumerism, waste, and ecological issues.
Chemosynthesis is the process in which organisms get energy from chemical reactions.
We made a discovery of a new life system that we did not know existed on our planet, it was not based on the photosynthetic energy of the sun, but was based in the energy of the earth itself through a process we call chemosynthesis.
The sulfide-rich water jets create chimneylike structures around each superheated plume, supporting a rich ecosystem of hyperthermophiles (the environment can be about 230 degrees Fahrenheit) that survive on chemosynthesis (converting sulfides into energy).
The seeps nourish a rich community of archaea and eubacteria that rely on chemosynthesis rather than photosynthesis for energy (Fulweiler, 2009).
It's all about scientists discovering organisms that survive on chemosynthesis as opposed to photosynthesis and a lot of very interesting stuff that I had no idea about.
These organisms of the chemical soup known as a "cold seep" are too far from sunlight to rely on photosynthesis; they live instead by chemosynthesis in a frigid environment of methane and hydrogen sulfide.