chemosynthesis

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che·mo·syn·the·sis

 (kē′mō-sĭn′thĭ-sĭs, kĕm′ō-)
n.
The synthesis of organic compounds by certain bacteria, especially in deep-sea hydrothermal vents, using energy obtained from the chemical oxidation of simple inorganic compounds. Chemosynthesis is thought to have been used by the first forms of life on Earth.

che′mo·syn·thet′ic (-sĭn-thĕt′ĭk) adj.
che′mo·syn·thet′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

chemosynthesis

(ˌkɛməʊˈsɪnθɪsɪs)
n
(Biochemistry) the formation of organic material by certain bacteria using energy derived from simple chemical reactions
chemosynthetic adj
ˌchemosynˈthetically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

che•mo•syn•the•sis

(ˌki moʊˈsɪn θə sɪs, ˌkɛm oʊ-)

n.
the synthesis of organic compounds within an organism, with chemical reactions providing the energy source.
[1900–05]
che`mo•syn•thet′ic (-ˈθɛt ɪk) adj.
che`mo•syn•thet′i•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

che·mo·syn·the·sis

(kē′mō-sĭn′thĭ-sĭs)
The formation of organic compounds using the energy released from chemical reactions instead of the energy of sunlight. Bacteria living in deep, dark areas of the ocean are able to survive by chemosynthesis. They use energy derived from the oxidation of inorganic chemicals, such as sulfur from deep volcanic vents, to make their food. Compare photosynthesis.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chemosynthesis - synthesis of carbohydrate from carbon dioxide and water; limited to certain bacteria and fungi
synthesis - the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alvin has had many accomplishments since it was first built in 1964, including aiding in the recovery of a lost hydrogen bomb, discovering previously unknown chemosynthetic life at hydrothermal vents and other seafloor locales, exploring the wreck of the RMS Titanic, and examining impacts to deep-sea life after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
Chemosynthetic antioxidants are the most effective compounds to prevent several types of oxidation reactions, but most of these compounds result in unavoidable side effects such as liver damage and carcinogenesis [11-13].
The site is located south of the mouth of the Gulf of Nicoya estuary and is inhabited by chemosynthetic communities that include bacterial mats, vesicomyid clams, mussels, tube worms, and other invertebrates (Furi et al., 2010).
The methodological approach of the present study does not allow to conclude which cropping system is safer; however, the observed results indicate that leafy vegetables cultivated in a conventional way can present a higher count of microorganisms even after the use of chemosynthetic pesticides and fertilizers.
Shock, "Formate as an energy source for microbial metabolism in chemosynthetic zones of hydrothermal ecosystems," Astrobiology, vol.
Professor Qian said, "The study has provided genomic resources for understanding how the deep-sea mussel has adapted to the abiotic stresses and lack of photosynthesis-derived food in the deep-sea chemosynthetic environment.
Some people claim we should be spending our money exploring the oceans rather than space, and while deep-sea bioluminescent and chemosynthetic creatures are fascinating, I think everything can be learned from the cosmos.
In addition, TNF-[alpha] inhibitor (TNF-[alpha]i), a chemosynthetic competitive antibody of TNF-[alpha], could inhibit inflammatory bone resorption, when systemically administrated in an animal model of experimental periodontitis [7].
were responsible for precipitating copper (as CuS) in a microbial mat found at the bottom layer and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) originated from photosynthetic and chemosynthetic primary producers serving as substrates for the aSRB.
This may not be problematic since many have speculated that complex chemosynthetic lifeforms could have evolved in Europa's dark and relatively anoxic oceans [17,18].