chemosynthesis

(redirected from chemosynthetically)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

che·mo·syn·the·sis

 (kē′mō-sĭn′thĭ-sĭs, kĕm′ō-)
n.
The synthesis of organic compounds by certain bacteria, especially in deep-sea hydrothermal vents, using energy obtained from the chemical oxidation of simple inorganic compounds. Chemosynthesis is thought to have been used by the first forms of life on Earth.

che′mo·syn·thet′ic (-sĭn-thĕt′ĭk) adj.
che′mo·syn·thet′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

chemosynthesis

(ˌkɛməʊˈsɪnθɪsɪs)
n
(Biochemistry) the formation of organic material by certain bacteria using energy derived from simple chemical reactions
chemosynthetic adj
ˌchemosynˈthetically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

che•mo•syn•the•sis

(ˌki moʊˈsɪn θə sɪs, ˌkɛm oʊ-)

n.
the synthesis of organic compounds within an organism, with chemical reactions providing the energy source.
[1900–05]
che`mo•syn•thet′ic (-ˈθɛt ɪk) adj.
che`mo•syn•thet′i•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

che·mo·syn·the·sis

(kē′mō-sĭn′thĭ-sĭs)
The formation of organic compounds using the energy released from chemical reactions instead of the energy of sunlight. Bacteria living in deep, dark areas of the ocean are able to survive by chemosynthesis. They use energy derived from the oxidation of inorganic chemicals, such as sulfur from deep volcanic vents, to make their food. Compare photosynthesis.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chemosynthesis - synthesis of carbohydrate from carbon dioxide and water; limited to certain bacteria and fungi
synthesis - the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
These reserves are subsequently diluted when the newly metamorphosed shrimp switch to chemosynthetically based diets available at the vent sites.
Blake Ridge methane seeps: characterization of a soft-sediment, chemosynthetically based ecosystem.
The animal supplies them with carbon dioxide, oxygen and hydrogen sulfide, while they supply the vestimentiferan with much of the organic material they fix chemosynthetically. Other animals in these oases, such as worms and bivalves, also possess symbiotic bacteria and show highly modified metabolisms (hydrogen sulfide is extremely poisonous).