chemotaxis

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Related to chemotactic: chemoattractants, Chemotactic factors

che·mo·tax·is

 (kē′mō-tăk′sĭs, kĕm′ō-)
n.
The characteristic movement or orientation of an organism or cell along a chemical concentration gradient either toward or away from the chemical stimulus.

che′mo·tac′tic (-tăk′tĭk) adj.
che′mo·tac′ti·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

chemotaxis

(ˌkɛməʊˈtæksɪs)
n
(Microbiology) the movement of a microorganism or cell in response to a chemical stimulus
ˌchemoˈtactic adj
ˌchemoˈtactically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

che•mo•tax•is

(ˌki moʊˈtæk sɪs, ˌkɛm oʊ-)

n.
oriented movement toward or away from a chemical stimulus.
[1890–95]
che`mo•tac′tic (-tɪk) adj.
che`mo•tac′ti•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

chemotaxis

the property of some plants and animals of moving toward or away from certain chemicals.
See also: Motion
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chemotaxis - movement by a cell or organism in reaction to a chemical stimulus
taxis - a locomotor response toward or away from an external stimulus by a motile (and usually simple) organism
negative chemotaxis - movement away from a chemical stimulus
positive chemotaxis - movement toward a chemical stimulus
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
chemotassi

che·mo·tax·is

, positive chemotaxis, negative chemotaxis
n. quimiotaxis, movimiento de un organismo o célula como reacción a un estímulo químico.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In summary, we concluded that type III Cgs are implicated in SCZ-associated alterations in the immune response through induction of the expression of proinflammatory and chemotactic cytokines by PBMCs.
[D.sub.1] and [D.sub.v] are the random diffusion rates of cells and the chemical, respectively; [D.sub.2](u, v)[[nabla].sub.v] represents the chemotactic flux of cells and [D.sub.2](u, v) is positive for positive u and v and is called the sensitivity function; and f(u, v) is the creation rate of the chemical, while k(v)v is the degradation rate of the chemical.
Alcoholic hepatitis: granulocyte chemotactic factor form Mallory body stimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
CCL2 is a potent chemotactic factor of prostate cancer (PCa) with important roles in development of bone metastasis.
Leukotrienes are known chemotactic agents for eosinophils.
A comparison of several ascidians showed that in all conspecific cases, the same substances acted as both sperm activators and chemotactic molecules.
Follow-up studies measuring protein levels revealed that Interleukin-1beta and Monocyte chemotactic protein-1, inflammatory markers known to play a role in depression and heart disease, were suppressed in the brains of the resilient subset of rats and Interleukin-1beta was increased in the vulnerable group.
Acute allergic reaction is a first-type reaction with characteristic classic effects mediated by immunoglobulins E fixed on the surface of mast cells (MC) and basophiles, releasing vasoactive amines and various chemotactic factors when contacting with allergens.
Hydrogen peroxide ([H.sub.2][O.sub.2]), known for its oxidative damage at higher concentrations, is thought, at low concentrations, to provide the chemotactic signal to attract neutrophils to the wound site.
Considering these findings, we sought to determine whether changes in the concentrations of hs-cTnT (Roche assay), hscTnl (Abbott precommercial prototype assay), N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), heart type fatty acid-binding protein (h-FABP), and early inflammation biomarkers [e.g., interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP1)] were evident 1 day after administering the first cycle of trastuzumab treatment.
Platelet degranulation activates the complement cascade, specifically C5, a potent neutrophils chemotactic protein [5].
Although the underlying mechanism of inflammatory oncotaxis appears to be creation of a favourable microenvironment, it may be that in addition to providing a fertile soil for establishment of metastasis, chemotactic agents could actually be attracting malignant cells.