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 (chĕr′nə-zĕm′, chîr′nə-zyôm′)
A very black topsoil, rich in humus, typical of cool to temperate semiarid regions such as the grasslands of Ukraine and southern Russia.

[Russian chernozëm : chërnyĭ, black + Old Russian zemĭ, earth; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots.]

cher′no·zem′ic adj.


(ˈtʃɜːnəʊˌzɛm) or


(Geological Science) a black soil, rich in humus and carbonates, in cool or temperate semiarid regions, as the grasslands of Russia
[from Russian, contraction of chernaya zemlya black earth]


(ˈtʃɜr nəˌzɛm, ˈtʃɛər-)

a soil common in cool or temperate semiarid climates, black and rich in humus and carbonates.
[1835–45; < Russian <chërn(yĭ) black + zemlyá earth]
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References in periodicals archive ?
Dukic D, Mandic L, Veskovic S, Kapor I (2015) Correlation between fertilizer type and rate, urease activity and total nitrogen and ammonium nitrogen contents in a Chernozem soil under wheat.
2+] in soil solutions of Haplic Chernozem (non-saline ordinary chernozem) before and after the application of different doses of phosphogypsum and to assess based on soil water extract data and extrapolate the level of [Cd.
It was not only the German literature on soil science that had become infiltrated by Russian vocabulary, such as chernozem (black earth), podzol (boreal forest soil), and kashtanozem (chestnut-brown soil).
hybrids of different genotypes (LO = normal, linoleic acid, HO = high oleic acid) was examined in two different crop years (2012 and 2013) in Eastern Hungary (North latitude: 47o5' East longitude: 21o4') on calcareous chernozem soil.
Los tipos de suelos presentes son Kastanozem, Vertisol, Calcisol, Leptosol, Chernozem y Fulisol (Inegi, 2010).
Seasonal biomass accumulation and nutrient uptake of canola, mustard, and flax on a Black Chernozem soil in Saskatchewan.
Longterm effect of cropping systems and nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer on production and nitrogen economy of grain crops in a Brown Chernozem.
The zonal soils correspond to the phytoclimatic forest zone on the top of the hills--brown and brown illuvial soils--, and to the silvosteppe zone in the valleys--cambic chernozem and clay-illuvial soils.
Leached chernozem, taken for experimental plots, currently is characterized by the average content of humus (5.