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 (chĕr′nə-zĕm′, chîr′nə-zyôm′)
A very black topsoil, rich in humus, typical of cool to temperate semiarid regions such as the grasslands of Ukraine and southern Russia.

[Russian chernozëm : chërnyĭ, black + Old Russian zemĭ, earth; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots.]

cher′no·zem′ic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


of or relating to a chernozem
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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References in periodicals archive ?
Wu T, Schoenau JJ, Li F, Qian P, Malhi SS, Shi Y (2003) Effect of tillage and rotation on organic carbon forms of chernozemic soils in Saskatchewan.
The representative soils belong to the category of steppe chernozemic mollisols (carbonic and typical chernozems) that can be found on substrata made up of loess.
Vetter (2000:172) concluded appropriately that "Yukon and Alaska grasslands are more similar to each other than either [is] to the Great Plains [prairie] grasslands" in terms of both floristics and phytosociology, although both the Great Plains and the Carmacks-Pelly Crossing grassland soils are subject to similar Chernozemic soil development processes (Sanborn, 2010).
Lindwall, "Effect of long-term minimum tillage practices on some physical properties of a Chernozemic clay loam," Canadian Journal of Soil Science, vol.
2) Chernozemic, typically occurring in the cool, subarid to subhumid climates of central Canada;
Schmidt MWI, Skjemstad JO, Gehrt E, Kogel-Knabner I (1999) Charred organic carbon in German chernozemic soils.
The soil is a Dark Brown Chernozemic (Typic Haplustoll) clay loam (Readymade and Whitney series).
The assumption that Alberta matched Saskatchewan's suitability to wheat was reinforced by the rich chernozemic soils between Calgary and Edmonton which were the first to be opened to agricultural settlement.
Role of continuous wheat and amendments in ameliorating an artificially eroded dark brown chernozemic soil under dryland conditions.
All stands were on level, upland sites with brown Chernozemic clay loam soils (Saskatchewan Soil Survey 1992).