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c. 1861-1865 cheval-de-frise
n. pl. che·vaux-de-frise (shə-vō′-)
1. An obstacle made of stakes or spikes attached to a log, wooden frame, or metal drum and used to block enemy advancement or prevent unauthorized access.
2. A line of jagged glass or spikes set into masonry on top of a wall.
[French, Frisian horse (from its use in Friesland to compensate for a lack of cavalry) : cheval, horse + de, of + Frise, Friesland.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
n, pl chevaux-de-frise (ʃəˌvəʊdəˈfriːz)
1. (Military) a portable barrier of spikes, sword blades, etc, used to obstruct the passage of cavalry
2. a row of spikes or broken glass set as an obstacle on top of a wall
[C17: from French, literally: horse from Friesland (where it was first used)]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
n., pl. che•vaux-de-frise (ʃəˈvoʊ dəˈfriz)
Usu., chevaux-de-frise. a portable defensive obstacle, typically a beam from which rows of sharpened stakes protrude, used in field fortifications or to close a breach in a wall.
[1680–90; < French; literally, horse of Friesland, so called because first used by Frisians]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||cheval-de-frise - defensive structure consisting of a movable obstacle composed of barbed wire or spikes attached to a wooden frame; used to obstruct cavalry|
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