chiasma

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chi·as·ma

 (kī-ăz′mə) also chi·asm (kī′ăz′əm)
n. pl. chi·as·ma·ta (-mə-tə) or chi·as·mas also chi·asms
1. Anatomy A crossing or intersection of two tracts, as of nerves or ligaments.
2. Genetics The point of contact between paired chromatids during meiosis, resulting in a cross-shaped configuration and representing the cytological manifestation of crossing over.

[Greek khīasma, cross-piece, from khīazein, to mark with an X, from khei, khī, chi (from the letter's shape).]

chi·as′mal, chi·as′mic, chi′as·mat′ic (-măt′ĭk) adj.

chiasma

(kaɪˈæzmə) or

chiasm

n, pl -mas, -mata (-mətə) or -asms
1. (Genetics) cytology the cross-shaped connection produced by the crossing over of pairing chromosomes during meiosis
2. (Anatomy) anatomy the crossing over of two parts or structures, such as the fibres of the optic nerves in the brain
[C19: from Greek khiasma wooden crosspiece, from khiazein to mark with an X, from khi chi1]
chiˈasmal, chiˈasmic adj

chi•as•ma

(kaɪˈæz mə)

also chi•asm

(ˈkaɪ æz əm)

n., pl. -as•mas, -as•ma•ta (-ˈæz mə tə) also -asms.
1. Anat. a crossing or decussation. Compare optic chiasma.
2. a point of overlap of paired chromatids at which fusion and exchange of genetic material take place during prophase of meiosis.
[1830–40; < Greek: crosspiece of wood, cross-bandage =chi chi + -asma n. suffix]
chi•as′mal, chi•as′mic, chi`as•mat′ic (-ˈmæt ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chiasma - an intersection or crossing of two tracts in the form of the letter X
anatomical structure, bodily structure, body structure, complex body part, structure - a particular complex anatomical part of a living thing; "he has good bone structure"
chiasma opticum, optic chiasm, optic chiasma - the crossing of the optic nerves from the two eyes at the base of the brain
Translations

chi·asm

, chiasma
n. quiasma.
1. cruzamiento de dos vías o conductos;
2. punto de cruzamiento de las fibras de los nervios ópticos.
References in periodicals archive ?
The chromosomes in precocious migration in metaphases I may have originated from univalents in diakinesis or have been a result of precocious terminalization of chiasma and the late terminalization of these chiasmas makes the laggard chromosomes in anaphase I (SOUZA-KANESHIMA et al.
At the crux of these intersecting chiasmas is Mah-to-toh-pa's image, rising on Catlin's canvas from the stain of his pallet.
The very fact of the letters combined with the wife's injunction against reading them structures a chiasmas of gender and writing which the husband cannot negotiate with his sense of masculinity intact.