This schema is known variously as chiliasm
(from the Greek for "thousand"), premillennialism (because it embraces a glorious, public Parousia of Christ before the millennium), or apocalyptic millenarianism (because it emphasizes the defeat of the wicked and the triumph of the righteous common to apocalyptic literature but does so within a millenarian framework).
The content is less important than the disproportion between the mis-en-scene and the world-devouring chiliasm
it gestures into being.
of gloom surrounding public schooling that has been fostered by the corporate attack on teachers, teachers unions and those who see the privatization of education as a consolatory fantasy designed to line the pockets of corporate investors by selling hope to aggrieved communities, is not likely to abate anytime soon.
Not dealing with centering on "Christ" theological misorientation would be a dereliction of duty for the psychological worker despite its seeming intractableness--unless, of course, the Eurocentric chiliasm
has begun unbeknown to this author.
Its multifaceted nature included chiliasm
, communistic reform and the ruthless implementation of its principles which led to the creation of a unique society apart, yet still within European Christendom.
Before turning to the key concept of "political theology"--in terms of which I will conceive of the study of apocalyptic anticipation--it seems incumbent on me to explain why, in the imagined study, I would not address, except as subsidiary histories, the millennial cattle-killing among the amaXhosa in 1856-57, and other instances of chiliasm
in black communities (such as the apocalyptic prophesies of Nontetha Nkwenkwe in 1918 during the Spanish flu epidemic).
The evidence on which Kaiser bases his ascription to Glaidt of the doctrine of chiliasm
is Schwenckfeld's "Wider den alten unnd newen Ebionitischen irthumb." A careful reading of Schwenckfeld's polemic shows, however, that it was not Glaidt's lost Sabbath book that expanded on the millenium; rather, it was Schwenckfeld himself who argued that Sabbath observance is falling back into Ebionism: Ebionism includes christological heresy and chiliasm
; ergo, one must reject Sabbath observance.--Corpus Schwenckfeldianorum, 4:489, lines 18-23; 4:500, line 41.
This vision of a moral purpose in universal history is, Kant says, the "chiliasm
of philosophy." (231) But he also stresses that it cannot be left to fate; and, having the present condition of humankind in mind, one could add there was not a better time for this kind of momentous change.
Already in Origen Adamantius (AC 185-254), who brought together the New Testament, the idea of redemption, which in the apocalyptic tradition necessitates the 'end of the world', mutates into an 'individual eschatology' and chiliasm
becomes condemned as a Jewish heresy based on 'error and illusion': eventually the Parousia, second coming, becomes redundant and Christians 'pray for the end to be delayed' (OE p77).
In response to theological attacks (for example, the transference theory of ordination, the claim that the pope is the anti-Christ, or particular views regarding chiliasm
or predestination), the Iowa Synod appealed to open questions as a defense against dogmatism on unessential matters.
, the leap into the millennial future, whether a messianic religious future or a political future of a new world order.
The Affair had stirred in France a desire for the cathartic chiliasm
of teleological redemption.