The First Chimurenga
, or Liberation War from 1893 to 1896 pitted Zimbabweans using spears and bows and arrows against white settlers with guns.
Musicians include Breathe Owl Breathe, The Wool Pullers, Silver Jackson, Budo, Erik Blood, OC Notes, Strummin Dog, Benjamin Verdoes, Chimurenga
Renaissance, Iska Dhaaf, Kirk Debique, and more.
FAITH NO MORE * ZEDD * SOCIAL DISTORTION BRAND NEW * FLOSSTRADAMUS * NEKO CASE PUNCH BROTHERS * TCHAMI * THE MELVINS * PAPER DIAMOND LEE "SCRATCH" PERRY & SUBATOMIC SOUND SYSTEM * THE CAVE SINGERS * CLASSIXX DEAD MOON * NIKKI LANE * SALVA * MOON HOOCH * MIKAL CRONIN * FOX AND THE LAW ISRAEL NASH * CHIMURENGA
RENAISSANCE * UNLIKELY FRIENDS * HIBOU CAMBODIAN SPACE PROJECT * CONSTANT LOVERS * THE FAME RIOT TRACKSUIT WEDDING * JADEN CARLSON BAND
She gives a 'feminist' rereading of the received history of the Zimbabwean liberation struggles of the late nineteenth century and the second Chimurenga
of the 1970s and 1980s.
The ZANU-PF government and its supporters constructed a grand narrative about land that invoked the rhetoric of the third chimurenga
(third war of liberation) to propagate and justify the land invasions and occupation of white-owned commercial farms from 2000.
If he had not done so, he would not be in office today to lead us to the finalisation of the Third Chimurenga
[third war of liberation], and now going into the Fourth Chimurenga
of production and economic prosperity.
Here Afterall's own endeavor must be set within a worldwide context that includes, for instance, the conference programming and online databasing work of Asia Art Archive, the pan-African research of the Chimurenga
initiative, and the independent but related work of the Archive des Festivals Panafricains research project based in Paris (at the CNRS and EHESS).
In Part III, two case studies appear: The Ideas of South Africa and Pan-South African Colonialism; and Zimbabwe and the Crisis of Chimurenga
Within the Zimbabwe and Rhodesian white memoir tradition, writing includes general accounts of life in Africa as well as soldiers' stories (6) of the Rhodesian Bush War or Second Chimurenga
In Zimbabwe, for example, a spirit medium named Mbuya Nehanda played a critical role in the First Chimurenga
(or the Ndebele-Shona armed resistance against conquest by British settlers in 1896-97) as the oracle of the daughter of the first ruler of Great Zimbabwe.
This struggle, known as the Second Chimurenga
, culminated in Zimbabwe's declaration of independence on April 18, 1980.
For now, he is a marked man because his revolutionary Chimurenga
music is critical of the government, and there is no rule of law back home that he can trust to keep him safe.