At the end of "The Sparrow and the Tree," additional educational information is given under For Creative Minds about chipping sparrow
migration, bird watching tips, and birds and trees, and tree adaptations.
Conifer habitats had no significant indicator species associated only with this habitat, but they shared four significant indicator species typical of coniferous forest (Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis, Chipping Sparrow
Spizella passerina, Gray Jay Perisoreous canadensis, and Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus) with wetland sites.
1) Chipping sparrow
Spizella passerina 0 (0) Lazuli bunting Passerina amoena 0.
0 Chipping sparrow
(Spizella passerina) (R) CHSP 3.
09 Brown-headed cowbird B, M 65 Brown thrasher B, M 12 Cedar waxwing B, M 16 Chipping sparrow
B, M 24 Common grackle B, M 105 0.
Examples include the laughing gull, whistling kite, piping plover, whooping crane, chipping sparrow
, plaintive cuckoo, melodious blackbird, musician wren, snoring rail, and dark chanting goshawk.
: Well-adapted to various landscapes, chipping sparrows
are common throughout backyards in most of North America, except for areas of Texas and Oklahoma.
My 400-mm lens was focused on this forked branch when the chipping sparrow
finally arrived for his portrait.
Linda Mannus, whose intelligent high-wire crisis voice peaked everyone's angst, even at twelve, is a Chipping Sparrow
, heard as well in the backyard as among the orchard cages.
To illustrate the comparative phylogeographic approach, I compared the geography of mtDNA variation in five bird species: the Canada goose (Branta canadensis, Anserinae; Van Wagner and Baker 1990), chipping sparrow
(Spizella passerina, Emberizinae; Zink and Dittmann 1993a), song sparrow (Melospiza melodia, Emberizinae; Zink and Dirtmann 1993b), fox sparrow (Passerella iliaca, Emberizinae; Zink 1994), and red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus, Icterinae; Ball et al.