chirality


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chi·ral·i·ty

 (kī-răl′ĭ-tē)
n.
The aspect of a structure or property, such as the configuration of a molecule or the spin of a particle, that renders that structure or property distinguishable from its mirror image or symmetrical opposite. Also called handedness.

chirality

(kaɪˈrælɪtɪ)
n
(Chemistry) the configuration or handedness (left or right) of an asymmetric, optically active chemical compound. Also called: dissymmetry
[C19: from Greek kheir hand + -al1 + -ity]
ˈchiral adj
Translations
chiralité
chiralità
aynallıkkirallik
References in periodicals archive ?
We will also investigate 3d hydrogen bond networks, Which will provide highly functionalised, Well-defined macromolecules in a bottom-up approach, And study the change of macromolecular structure and chirality upon stimulus.
Because the junctions can adopt many different geometries depending on the radius and chirality of the nanotube, there are many more potential configurations to be modeled, he said.
There have been proposals to use the chirality to both store and process information.
Normally the two different species of particles, identical except for their chirality (handedness), would come with separate symmetries attached to them and their numbers would be separately conserved.
Chirality, the title of his current exhibition at the National Academy of Sciences, refers to a property of asymmetry important in several branches of mathematics and science including genetics and biochemistry.
According to Yakovlev, the small but measureable effect is due to a geometric property of the glucose molecule known as chirality, which results in a glucose molecule absorbing light in a specific way.
It covers the historical background of macrocyclic compounds, then the fundamental properties, characteristic features, and advantages of pillararenes, such as their high yield synthesis and highly symmetrical structures, versatile functionality, conformation, planar chirality, host-guest properties, and assembled structures, and applications to supramolecular polymers, interlocked molecules, supramolecular assemblies, hybrid materials, and biomedical applications, as well as pillararene-related macrocyclic compounds.
Additional information can be encoded in the hologram by designing and arranging the nanostructures to respond differently to the chirality (sometimes referred to as handedness) of the polarised incident light.
This is decided by its chirality (Ch) whose magnitude is given by (1) and its relationship with CNT diameter ([D.
In nature, chirality (handedness) is one of the basic elements, and life phenomena are inseparable from the chirality of molecules.
Efficient applications of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNTs) in electronic and photovoltaic devices require a selective geometry, in particular, chirality of nanotubes, which is still a great challenge for synthetic techniques.
Philae includes experiments to test a molecule's symmetrical construction, or chirality.