chitin


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to chitin: Chitosan

chi·tin

 (kīt′n)
n.
A nitrogen-containing polysaccharide that is a tough, protective, semitransparent substance and is the principal component of arthropod exoskeletons and the cell walls of certain fungi.

[French chitine : New Latin chitōn, mollusk (from Greek khitōn, chiton; see chiton) + -ine.]

chi′tin·ous adj.

chitin

(ˈkaɪtɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a polysaccharide that is the principal component of the exoskeletons of arthropods and of the bodies of fungi
[C19: from French chitine, from Greek khitōn chiton + -in]
ˈchitinous adj
ˈchitinˌoid adj

chi•tin

(ˈkaɪ tɪn)

n.
a nitrogen-containing polysaccharide, related chemically to cellulose, that forms a semitransparent horny substance and is a principal constituent of the exoskeleton, or outer covering, of insects, crustaceans, and arachnids.
[1830–40; < French chitine < Greek chit(ṓn) tunic, chiton]
chi′tin•ous, adj.
chi′tin•oid`, adj.

chi·tin

(kīt′n)
A tough, semitransparent substance that is the main component of the exoskeletons of arthropods, such as the shells of crustaceans and the outer coverings of insects. Chitin is a carbohydrate and is also found in the cell walls of certain fungi and algae.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chitin - a tough semitransparent horny substance; the principal component of the exoskeletons of arthropods and the cell walls of certain fungi
glucosamine - an amino derivative of glucose that is a component of many polysaccharides
polyose, polysaccharide - any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
References in periodicals archive ?
M2 PRESSWIRE-September 5, 2019-: Chitin and Chitin Derivatives Market 2019 Global Industry Sales, Supply, Consumption, Demand, Analysis and Forecasts to 2025
They found that most parasites appeared unable to leave the secretory cavity and were congregating at a fibrous, sturdy wall made of a substance called chitin that forms around the salivary ducts.
This debris, known as chitin, comes from the shells of arthropods like plankton and shrimp.
Using langoustines from the clear waters of the North Atlantic, a source of a chemical, called chitin, is extracted.
Major organization : FEDERAL STATE BUDGETARY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION "CHITIN STATE MEDICAL ACADEMY" MINISTRY OF HEALTH OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The Verge could not independently confirm reports that next year's HP laptops will be constructed entirely out of beetle chitin.
In determining that the fossils were of fungi, the researchers identified the presence of a fibrous substance called chitin in Ourasphaira's cell walls, a key fungal characteristic.
Chitosan is the deacetylated form of chitin, it is a biopolymer removed from the shells of crustaceans such as shrimp, crabs, and others.
Summary: Future Market Insights' recent research report titled "Chitin Market: Global Industry Analysis (2012-2016) and Opportunity Assessment (2017-2027)" covers all the vitals of the global chitin market.
[USPRwire, Tue Apr 30 2019] Future Market Insights' recent research report titled "Chitin Market: Global Industry Analysis (2012-2016) and Opportunity Assessment (2017-2027)" covers all the vitals of the global chitin market.
Chitosan is a linear polysaccharide (complex sugar) produced from chitin. Chitin is a major component of shrimps and crabs' shells and is usually discarded with the waste" an official statement from SQU said.
These are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of chitin, which is a [beta]-1, 4 linked homopolymer of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine.