Blood SAA levels can indicate inflammatory conditions such as feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) and other infectious diseases such as caliciviral infection, chlamydiosis
, leukemia, and infectious immunodeficiency since it increases by 10- to 50-fold(TIZARd, 2013b).
Key words: Chlamydia psittaci, chlamydiosis
, avian, Psittaciformes, Columbiformes, ompA gene, nested-PCR
Infection with this virus has also led to higher incidence of secondary infections, such as chlamydiosis
and neoplasias (48).
[12.] Compendium of measures to control chlamydia psittaci infection among humans (psittacosis) and pet birds (avian chlamydiosis
Infectious causes other than brucellosis include Neospora caninum infection, bovine viral diarrhea, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, leptospirosis, mycotic abortion, Trueperella pyogenes infection, trichomoniasis, listeriosis, chlamydiosis
, and Bluetongue etc.
According to recent statistics from the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), chlamydiosis
is the most common reportable disease in the United States.
trachomatis target proteins for the prophylaxis of urogenital chlamydiosis
During the period of 2003-2013, dynamics of morbidity with urogenital chlamydiosis
has been characterized by a tendency toward decrease (Figure 12).
trachomatis in the serum of the patients with urogenital chlamydiosis
," BioMed Research International, vol.
However, sheep and goat suffer from numerous viral diseases, namely, foot-and-mouth disease, bluetongue disease, maedi-visna, orf, Tick-borne encephalomyelitis, peste des petits ruminants, sheep pox, and goat pox, as well as bacterial diseases, namely, blackleg, foot rot, caprine pleuropneumonia, contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, Pasteurellosis, mycoplasmosis, streptococcal infections, chlamydiosis
, haemophilosis, Johne's disease, listeriosis, and fleece rot [3-10].
coli infection 94 Leptospirosis 90 Rabies 87 Hantavirus infection 84 West Nile disease 80 Spotted fever, tick-borne 77 Brucellosis 74 Toxoplasmosis 71 Venezuelan equine encephalitis 68 Medium-priority value Listeriosis 65 (from percentile 0.66 Anthrax 61 to percentile 0.33) Campylobacteriosis 58 Zoonotic tuberculosis 54 Western equine encephalitis 52 Flea- and lice-borne typhus 48 Yersiniosis 43 Cysticercosis 43 Trypanosomiasis (Chagas) 39 Yellow fever 36 Low-priority value Echinococcosis 32 (from percentile 0.33 Criptosporidiosis 28 to minimum score) Chlamydiosis
28 Cat scratch disease 23 Toxocariasis 20 Leishmaniasis 16 Borreliosis 13 Trichinellosis 9 Dermatophytosis (ringworm) 6 Scabies 3 Ancylostomiasis 0 TABLE 3.
Elevated serum sCD14 levels were found in many noninfectious (Crohn's disease, SLE) or infectious (HIV, chlamydiosis
) diseases [46-49].