The assay was performed with standard disks of ampicillin (10|ig): ciprofloxacin (5 [micro]g): chloramphenicol
(30 [micro]g): erythromycin (15 [micro]g): gentamicin (10 [micro]g): streptomycin (10 [micro]g): norfloxacin (10 [micro]g): penicillin G (10U); tetracycline (30 [micro]g): vancomycin (30 [micro]g) (Laborclin; Pinhais, Brazil) and trimethoprim (5 [micro]g) (Sensifar; Sao Paulo, Brazil) on MRS (Micromed, Duque de Caxias, RJ) agar plates, incubated at 37[degrees]C for 24h.
The tested antimicrobial drugs were ampicillin, trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole, chloramphenicol
, nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, levofloxacin, ceftriaxone and cefixime.
4] The emergence of antimicrobial resistance, especially the multidrug resistance to ampicillin, chloramphenicol
and co trimoxazole, has further complicated the treatment and management of enteric fever.
For the purpose of their study, the researchers infected mice with a cocktail containing both - Staphylococci bacteria resistant to the antibiotic chloramphenicol
and non-resistant Streptococci.
Conclusion: MRSA is rapidly developing resistance against routinely used antimicrobials especially linezolid and chloramphenicol
Penicillin-G 100 units; Streptomycin 10pg; Tetracycline 30pg; Am picillin 10pg; Gentamicin 10pg; Ciprofloxacin 5pg; Ceftriaxone 30pg; Cephalexin 30pg; Chloramphenicol
30pg; Cefuroxime 30pg; Norfloxacin 10pg; Co-trimoxazole 25pg.
Conclusion Vancomycin, linezolid, rifampicin, clindamycin, moxifloxacin and chloramphenicol
showed highest efficacy in this study.
The sensitivit y of drugs like amoxicillin chloramphenicol
and co-trimaxazole were 2.
10,11) An open label, randomised controlled trial found that, compared to immediate antibiotic treatment, delayed prescribing of chloramphenicol
provided a similar severity and duration (mean 3.
Riyadh, Shawwal 8, 1434, Aug 15, 2013, SPA -- Saudi Food and Drug Authority said that its Center of Rapid Warning for Food monitored a notice from European Rapid Warning System for food and feed (EU-RASFF) affiliated to the European Commission dated on 23/09/1434 H corresponding to 31/07/2013 that the feed additive of Enzymatic Lotion "Kemzyme Plus Dry'' produced in Belgium contains the antibiotic chloramphenicol
which is banned universally to be used in feed additives.
Antimicrobial drugs tested were ampicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, cefoxitin, ceftiofur, cephalothin, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, nalidixic acid, streptomycin, gentamicin, kanamycin, chloramphenicol
, tetracycline, sulfonamide, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole.
Apart from the standard antibiotics, testing was also done specifically for ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, and chloramphenicol
, which are available locally as topical ear drops.