chlorine

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chlo·rine

 (klôr′ēn′, -ĭn)
n. Symbol Cl
A highly irritating, greenish-yellow halogen element, existing as a diatomic gas, Cl2, and capable of combining with nearly all other elements, produced principally by electrolysis of sodium chloride and used widely to disinfect water, as a bleaching agent, and in the manufacture of many important compounds including chlorates, sodium hypochlorite, and chloroform. Atomic number 17; atomic weight 35.453; freezing point -100.5°C; boiling point -34.04°C; specific gravity 1.56 (-33.6°C); valence 1, 3, 5, 7. See Periodic Table.

chlorine

(ˈklɔːriːn) or

chlorin

n
(Elements & Compounds) a toxic pungent greenish-yellow gas of the halogen group; the 15th most abundant element in the earth's crust, occurring only in the combined state, mainly in common salt: used in the manufacture of many organic chemicals, in water purification, and as a disinfectant and bleaching agent. Symbol: Cl; atomic no: 17; atomic wt: 35.4527; valency: 1, 3, 5, or 7; density: 3.214 kg/m3; relative density: 1.56; melting pt: –101.03°C; boiling pt: –33.9°C
[C19 (coined by Sir Humphrey Davy): from chloro- + -ine2, referring to its colour]

chlo•rine

(ˈklɔr in, -ɪn, ˈkloʊr-)

n.
a halogen element, a heavy, greenish yellow poisonous gas: used to purify water and to make bleaching powder and various chemicals. Symbol: Cl; at. wt.: 35.453; at. no.: 17.
[1810; < Greek chlōr(ós) yellowish green + -ine2]

chlo·rine

(klôr′ēn′)
Symbol Cl A greenish-yellow, gaseous halogen element that can combine with most other elements and is found chiefly in combination with sodium as common salt. Chlorine is very poisonous, being highly irritating to the nose, throat, and lungs, and causing suffocation. It is used in purifying water, as a disinfectant and bleach, and in making many important compounds such as chloroform. Atomic number 17. See Periodic Table. See Note at chlorophyll.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chlorine - a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogenschlorine - a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
chemical element, element - any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
radiochlorine - a radioactive isotope of chlorine
common salt, sodium chloride - a white crystalline solid consisting mainly of sodium chloride (NaCl)
gas - a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely
halogen - any of five related nonmetallic elements (fluorine or chlorine or bromine or iodine or astatine) that are all monovalent and readily form negative ions
Translations
كلُوركْلور كْلورين
хлор
chlór
klorklorin
kloro
kloor
kloori
klor
klór
klór
塩素
염소
chloras
hlors
clor
chlór
klor
хлор
klorklorin
คลอรีน
хлор
clo

chlorine

[ˈklɔːriːn]
A. Ncloro m
B. CPD chlorine monoxide Nmonóxido m de cloro
chlorine nitrate Nnitrato m de cloro

chlorine

[ˈklɔːriːn] nchlore m

chlorine

nChlor nt

chlorine

[ˈklɔːriːn] ncloro

chlorine

(ˈkloːriːn) noun
an element, a yellowish-green gas with a suffocating smell, used as a disinfectant etc. They put too much chlorine in the swimming-pool.

chlorine

كلُور chlór klorin Chlor χλωρίνη cloro kloori chlore klor cloro 塩素 염소 chloor klor chlor cloro хлор klorin คลอรีน klor clo

chlo·rine

n. cloro, agente desinfectante y blanqueador.

chlorine

n cloro
References in classic literature ?
Let me see--," and he went over to his medicine-bag, murmuring something about "liberated chlorine on animal-pigment-- perhaps zinc-ointment, as a temporary measure, spread thick--"
But the broad class of chemicals known as chlorines has been under an all-out assault by American environmentalists lately, who accuse them of everything from thinning the ozone layer to causing cancer to reducing sperm counts to shrinking alligators' penises.
Not only is there no special propensity for cancer causation among chlorines, the addition of chlorine can actually detoxify certain compounds.
The recycled free chlorines were then available to destroy more ozone.
How toxic and persistent any one of them will be in the human body is determined by how many chlorines it has and where they reside.
NATO and USAID are promoting toxic chlorine water treatment systems and donating them to the people of Afghanistan without disclosing the health risks that result from ingesting chlorine.
Champion has long bleached its paper with chlorine, dumping dioxin and creating hundreds of other toxic organochlorines in its wastewater that flowed into the Pigeon River and across the border into Tennessee.
Boon or bane, the chlorine issue is centre stage and opponents of its use seem to be gaining ground
Twenty-three of the compounds -- 55percent - contain chlorine as an essential ingredient.
During the 1890's the introduction of chlorine as a disinfectant into our public water supply began, becoming a standard treatment by 1904.
Studies have linked the accumulation of chlorine compounds in breast tissue to breast cancer.