chlorine(redirected from chlorines)
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n. Symbol Cl
A highly irritating, greenish-yellow halogen element, existing as a diatomic gas, Cl2, and capable of combining with nearly all other elements, produced principally by electrolysis of sodium chloride and used widely to disinfect water, as a bleaching agent, and in the manufacture of many important compounds including chlorates, sodium hypochlorite, and chloroform. Atomic number 17; atomic weight 35.453; freezing point -100.5°C; boiling point -34.04°C; specific gravity 1.56 (-33.6°C); valence 1, 3, 5, 7. See Periodic Table.
(Elements & Compounds) a toxic pungent greenish-yellow gas of the halogen group; the 15th most abundant element in the earth's crust, occurring only in the combined state, mainly in common salt: used in the manufacture of many organic chemicals, in water purification, and as a disinfectant and bleaching agent. Symbol: Cl; atomic no: 17; atomic wt: 35.4527; valency: 1, 3, 5, or 7; density: 3.214 kg/m3; relative density: 1.56; melting pt: –101.03°C; boiling pt: –33.9°C
[C19 (coined by Sir Humphrey Davy): from chloro- + -ine2, referring to its colour]
chlo•rine(ˈklɔr in, -ɪn, ˈkloʊr-)
a halogen element, a heavy, greenish yellow poisonous gas: used to purify water and to make bleaching powder and various chemicals. Symbol: Cl; at. wt.: 35.453; at. no.: 17.
[1810; < Greek chlōr(ós) yellowish green + -ine2]
Symbol Cl A greenish-yellow, gaseous halogen element that can combine with most other elements and is found chiefly in combination with sodium as common salt. Chlorine is very poisonous, being highly irritating to the nose, throat, and lungs, and causing suffocation. It is used in purifying water, as a disinfectant and bleach, and in making many important compounds such as chloroform. Atomic number 17. See Periodic Table. See Note at chlorophyll.
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|Noun||1.||chlorine - a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)|
chemical element, element - any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
radiochlorine - a radioactive isotope of chlorine
common salt, sodium chloride - a white crystalline solid consisting mainly of sodium chloride (NaCl)
gas - a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely
halogen - any of five related nonmetallic elements (fluorine or chlorine or bromine or iodine or astatine) that are all monovalent and readily form negative ions
chlorine[ˈklɔːriːn] n → chlore m
n → Chlor nt
chlorine[ˈklɔːriːn] n → cloro
an element, a yellowish-green gas with a suffocating smell, used as a disinfectant etc. They put too much chlorine in the swimming-pool. chloor كْلور كْلورين хлор cloro chlór das Chlor klor χλωρίνηcloro kloor کلر kloori chloreכלור क्लोरीन klor klór klorin klór cloro 塩素 염소 chloras hlors klorin chloorklorchlor (كيم) كلورين cloro clor хлор chlór klor hlor klor, klorgas คลอรีน klor 氯氣 хлор کلورین گیس chất clo 氯气
chlorine→ كلُور chlór klorin Chlor χλωρίνη cloro kloori chlore klor cloro 塩素 염소 chloor klor chlor cloro хлор klorin คลอรีน klor clo 氯
n. cloro, agente desinfectante y blanqueador.