This study looked at cholinergic
neurons that are responsible for producing the brain chemical acetylcholine, which is released by cholinergic
nerve cells to send signals from one neuron to another.
Background: Whether cholinergic
innervations and/or autophagy have a role in the etiopathology of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is still unknown.
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It is also an intermediate of the phosphatidylinositol cycle, a second-messenger neuronal signaling system used by noradrenergic, serotonergic, and cholinergic
The plantaris tendon in association with mid-portion Achilles tendinosis: tendinosis-like morphological features and presence of a non-neuronal cholinergic
Purpose: In the present study, we sought to determine the effects of GBE on CCH-induced neuroinflammation and cholinergic
dysfunction in a rat model of bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAo).
Acetylcholine is delivered to the amygdala by cholinergic
neurons that reside in the base of the brain.
3-9) Scopolamine blocks central muscarinic cholinergic
receptors, which reduces production of glutamate receptors and leads to reduced glutamate transmission and neurotoxicity.
This contracting agent is a synthetic choline ester that acts as a nonselective cholinergic
The first section discusses both general mechanisms acting on voltage-gated sodium and potassium channels and cholinergic
receptors and specific mechanisms of palytoxin, maitotoxin, domoic acid, azaspiracids, and yessotoxins.
The alpha3beta4 NNR is located throughout the gastrointestinal tract and, when modulated, is believed to increase cholinergic
tone, which in turn leads to increased motility.
The observed spasmolytic, bronchodilator, and vasodilator effects on the part of The extract were likely to be mediated through Ca+2 channel blocking activities, whereas observed contractile response in isolated guinea-pig ileum preparations was likely to be mediated through cholinergic