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Moreover, these techniques target only the chondral surface, while there is an increasing awareness on the importance of considering the entire osteochondral unit .
The main indications for ankle arthroscopy are ankle impingement, osteochondral and chondral defects, cartilage degeneration, joint instability and synovitis.
Although different surgical techniques have been developed to repair chondral and osteochondral lesions, the literature demonstrates only fair to good results when performed, even in the appropriate circumstances.
Concurrent pathologies such as meniscal tears or chondral lesions may also be present; however, there is some disagreement as to what role, if any, antecedent trauma has in the pathogenesis of cyst formation.
Next, the incision was closed and a diagnostic arthroscopy was performed demonstrating trauma to the lateral femoral condyle and an 11 mm free floating chondral fragment identified in the medial gutter.
Among common causes various intra-articular pathologies of the knee such as loose bodies, chondral fractures, degenerative changes, plicae can mimic a meniscal tear.
A separate chondral defect-filling technique may not be required as a secondary procedure at this age even at a later date.
MRI (including post-gadolinium images) was performed to evaluate bony, chondral, or labral abnormality on day three post-injury.
The third edition includes new topics such as labral tears (shoulder and hip), pubalgia, chondral injuries, central post-stroke pain, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, radiation fibrosis syndrome, and neural tube defects.
Ganz popularized the term FAI, femoracetabular impingement, and described its effect on labral and chondral health.
Type Pathology Mechanism Symptoms Associated of injury pathology i Complete Major Gross Fractures, rupture trauma instability; labral tears, inability to chondral damage bear weight are common ii Partial Minor Occult Occasional rupture trauma instability; labral/chondral pain on damage; reactive strenuous synovitis activity iii Degenerate Chronic Pain after Commonly rupture attrition prolonged osteoarthritis (complete walking or partial) (from Bardakos NV, Villar RN.
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- Choloepus didactylus
- Choloepus hoffmanni
- Chomsky Noam
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- Chon Actrion
- Chon Actrion
- Chon Buri
- CHON particles
- Chonbuk National University
- Chonburi Province
- Chonburi Rayong Japanese Association
- Chondestes grammacus
- chondral fracture