choriamb


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cho·ri·amb

 (kôr′ē-ămb′, -ăm′)
n.
A metrical foot consisting of a trochee followed by an iamb, much used in Greek and Latin poetry.

[Late Latin choriambus, from Greek khoriambos : khoreios, trochee (from khoros, chorus; see chorus) + iambos, iamb.]

cho′ri·am′bic (-ăm′bĭk) adj.
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choriamb

(ˈkɒrɪˌæmb) or

choriambus

n, pl -ambs or -ambi (-ˈæmbaɪ)
(Poetry) prosody a metrical foot used in classical verse consisting of four syllables, two short ones between two long ones (—‿‿—)
[C19: from Late Latin choriambus, from Greek khoriambos, from khoreios trochee, of a chorus, from khoros chorus]
ˌchoriˈambic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
deployment of the choriamb device (9) discernible in Shakespeare's
In Catullus this pattern is the result of the second foot, a "choriamb." (15) The first way of approaching the meter is interesting because Hopkins will later take it up under the name "counterpoint," but the second is more relevant to Tennyson because the Latin meter is largely defined by its second foot, the choriambic nucleus.
The weary languor of the first three roughly iambic lines gives way to one of the first of the poet's paradisal incantations in Greek lyric meters grouping syllables around a central choriamb, that is, the four-syllable foot - -.
That the pentasyllable should set line 17 against line 16 seems crucial: the extended choriamb of line 17 (/xxx/) generates space in the rising ionic of line 16, and is thus able to launch the reader into 'beyond'.
Aeolic meters, such as the glyconic, typically are formed around a choriamb ( - U U - ), which may be preceded or followed (or both) by a variety of other metrical units to create a wide variety of metrical sequences.
= ibyc.; 4 = 1: the choriamb is a very frequent outcome of anaclasis in the first metron of hemiambic Anacreontea, while the anapaest in the beginning of the second iambic metron (line 3 = 7) is a quite possible replacement in iambic verses, although not very common).
choriamb or choriambus plural choriambi Greek choriambos, from choreios choreus + iambos iamb
The glyconic was sometimes extended by adding a dactyl ( - U U ), a cretic ( - U - ), or a choriamb ( - U U - ) at the beginning, middle, or end.