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Related to chromatophore: chromophore


1. Any of several types of pigment cells, especially one found in a fish, amphibian, or reptile.
2. A multicellular organ in cephalopods that contains pigment cells.
3. A specialized pigment-bearing organelle in certain photosynthetic bacteria.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Zoology) a cell in the skin of frogs, chameleons, etc, in which pigment is concentrated or dispersed, causing the animal to change colour
2. (Botany) another name for chromoplast
ˌchromatoˈphoric, chromatophorous adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(krəˈmæt əˌfɔr, -ˌfoʊr)

1. a cell containing pigment, esp. one that produces a temporary color, as in cuttlefishes.
2. one of the colored plastids in plant cells.
chro•mat`o•phor′ic (-ˈfɔr ɪk, -ˈfɒr-) chro•ma•toph•or•ous (ˌkroʊ məˈtɒf ər əs) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ball formation was complemented by chromatophore expansion and the chromatophores were retracted when the paralarvae reclaimed the normal shape.
A detailed description of the chromatophores of fish larvae is important, as each species has a distinct pattern and location of chromatophore pigmentation that can be used in identification (Kendall, Ahlstrom, & Moser, 1984).
Although major physiological actions of SL remain an interesting yet unresolved issue, direct evidences from mutant of medaka [14-16] and "cobalt" rainbow trout [17,18] support the concept that major functions of SL are involved in chromatophore regulation and lipid metabolism.
Blue king crab undergo a diapause stage that lasts for approximately 2 months (Stevens, 2006) between the stages of chromatophore formation and eye enlargement (approximately equivalent to our stages 9 and 10).
The pigment in the chromatophore cell in the octopus causes it to change colour.
In addition, different types of chromatophores can be positioned adjacent to each other forming "chromatophore units".
What do chromatophore cells in the skins of animals enable them to do?
chromatophore: Discrete spherical bodies located in the membranes of prokaryotes that carry the enzymes and pigments important in photosynthesis.
The new approach, by contrast, is built on the unusual characteristics of certain chromatophore or pigment-bearing cells, called erythrophores, from Siamese fighting fish.
Twenty-four hours later, these animals were clearly infected, showing fragile antennas and soft cuticle as well as chromatophore expansion along the whole surface of the body, particularly at the tail fan (telson and uropods).
Morphological characters associated with metamorphosis included a flexed notochord, fully developed fin rays, a pronounced chromatophore at the base of the caudal fin, and well developed teeth.