chromophore

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chro·mo·phore

 (krō′mə-fôr′)
n.
Any of various chemical groups that absorb light of certain wavelengths and when present in an organic compound, such as a dye or pigment, are responsible for the color of the compound.

chro′mo·phor′ic (-fôr′ĭk) adj.

chromophore

(ˈkrəʊməˌfɔː)
n
(Chemistry) a group of atoms in a chemical compound that are responsible for the colour of the compound
ˌchromoˈphoric, ˌchromoˈphorous adj

chro•mo•phore

(ˈkroʊ məˌfɔr, -ˌfoʊr)

n.
any chemical group that produces color in a compound, as the azo group −N=N−.
[1875–80]
chro`mo•phor′ic (-ˈfɔr ɪk, -ˈfɒr-) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chromophore - the chemical group that gives color to a molecule
chemical group, radical, group - (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule
dye, dyestuff - a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Substituted pyridine and their derivatives have emerged as novel disperse dyes and attracted considerable interest owing to their inherent antioxidant and biological activities, depending upon the chromophoric and auxoxhrome groups [15-17].
This is a characteristic behavior of HS substances and occurs due to the overlapping of peaks relative to different chromophoric groups, such as aromatic structures located in several points of the macromolecule and in several forms of conjugation of double bonds with simple bonds, occurring the splinting of the peaks and the junction of the same in a misshapen spectrum (McCarthy & Rice, 1985).
Wang, "Optical properties and spatial distribution of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) in Poyang lake, China," Journal of Great Lakes Research, vol.
Decolorization through chemical treatment with ozone, Fenton's reagent, and [H.sub.2][O.sub.2]/UV leads to color reduction due to breaking of the conjugation and or bonds in chromophoric groups.
Chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) naturally occurring in all aquatic environments is colored and contains materials of different molecular sizes (MSs).
However, the number of chromophoric groups that generated absorption peaks in the spectrum was so large that it was difficult to identify groups clearly.
The *OH radical can attack the chromophoric group of dye and initiate the oxidation of reactive dye by abstraction of hydrogen atom and electrophilic addition consecutively involving several degradation mechanisms, during which aromatic intermediates and inorganic ions are formed [12].
The most continuous and well-studied supply stems from coastal photochemical production where chromophoric dissolved organic matter absorbs sunlight and ultimately yields a variety of oxygen radical species (O'Sullivan et al., 2005).
Diester-based HALS would have no initial action in suppressing the formation of paraquinone chromophoric groups, but would be effective in capturing the free radicals formed and reduce the formation of hydroquinones, thus reducing photobleaching.
The results obtained using a commercially available [PLA.sub.2] assay kit, in which a synthetic, chromophoric phospholipid is used as a substrate, should be interpreted carefully, since some [PLA.sub.2]s are unable to hydrolyze it efficiently.
Another characteristic of the chemical structure of PHB is the presence of a chromophoric carbonyl group [28].
Moreover, the changes in the content of chromophoric groups (e.g., carbonyl, alkene, and phenyl) and auxochromophoric groups (e.g., hydroxyl and carboxyl groups) likely explain the dark color of the treated wood.