dialysis

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di·al·y·sis

 (dī-ăl′ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. di·al·y·ses (-sēz′)
1. The separation of smaller molecules from larger molecules or of dissolved substances from colloidal particles in a solution by selective diffusion through a semipermeable membrane.
2. Medicine Any of several techniques, especially hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, in which filtration through a semipermeable membrane is used to remove metabolic wastes and excess fluid from the blood of people with kidney failure.

[Greek dialusis, separating, dissolution, from dialūein, to break up, dissolve : dia-, apart; see dia- + lūein, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.]

di′a·lyt′ic (-ə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.
di′a·lyt′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

dialysis

(daɪˈælɪsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-ˌsiːz)
1. (Chemistry) the separation of small molecules from large molecules and colloids in a solution by the selective diffusion of the small molecules through a semipermeable membrane
2. (Medicine) med See haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis
[C16: from Late Latin: a separation, from Greek dialusis a dissolution, from dialuein to tear apart, dissolve, from luein to loosen]
dialytic adj
ˌdiaˈlytically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

di•al•y•sis

(daɪˈæl ə sɪs)

n., pl. -ses (-ˌsiz)
1. the separation of crystalloids from colloids in a solution by diffusion through a membrane.
2. the process, used in treating kidney disease, by which uric acid and urea are removed from circulating blood by means of a dialyzer.
[1580–90; < Late Latin < Greek diálysis a separation, derivative of dialý(ein) to part, separate (dia- dia- + lyein to loosen)]
di`a•lyt′ic (-əˈlɪt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

di·al·y·sis

(dī-ăl′ĭ-sĭs)
1. The separation of the smaller molecules in a solution from the larger molecules by passing the solution through a membrane that does not allow the large molecules through.
2. The removal of wastes from the bloodstream by a machine that performs dialysis when the kidneys do not function properly.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

dialysis

the process whereby colloids and crystalloids separate in solution by diffusion through a membrane. — dialytic, adj.
See also: Biology
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

dialysis

A method of compensating for poorly functioning kidneys by using a machine to artificially remove waste products from the blood.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dialysis - separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes
chemical analysis, qualitative analysis - the act of decomposing a substance into its constituent elements
pheresis, apheresis - a procedure in which blood is drawn and separated into its components by dialysis; some are retained and the rest are returned to the donor by transfusion
haemodialysis, hemodialysis - dialysis of the blood to remove toxic substances or metabolic wastes from the bloodstream; used in the case of kidney failure
osmosis - (biology, chemistry) diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from a place of higher concentration to a place of lower concentration until the concentration on both sides is equal
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

dialysis

[daɪˈælɪsɪs] N (dialyses (pl)) [daɪˈælɪˌsiːz] (Med) → diálisis f inv
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

dialysis

[daɪˈælɪsɪs] ndialyse fdialysis machine nrein m artificiel
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

dialysis

nDialyse f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

dialysis

[daɪˈæləsɪs] n (Med) → dialisi f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

di·al·y·sis

n. diálisis, procedimiento para filtrar y eliminar toxinas presentes en la sangre de pacientes con insuficiencia renal;
___ acidosisacidosis metabólica;
___ machineaparato de ___ (riñón artificial);
peritoneal ______ peritoneal;
renal ______ renal.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

dialysis

n diálisis f; continuous ambulatory peritoneal — (CAPD) diálisis peritoneal ambulatoria continua (DPAC)
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fricke, "Soluble CD40 in the serum of healthy donors, patients with chronic renal failure, haemodialysis and chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients," Clinical and Experimental Immunology, vol.
A prospective study design exploring the efficacy of daily exit-site care with only soap and water compared to cleansing the same way with the addition of an application of a single-dose vial of 0.5 mL ciprofloxacin (1 mg) otologic solution around the polyurethane catheter exit site was conducted in patients receiving chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).
Holland, "Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis in chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis," Clinical Radiology, vol.

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