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A whitish, fibrous serpentine mineral, Mg3Si2O5(OH)4, that is the most common variety of commercial asbestos. Also called white asbestos.

[German Chrysotil : Greek khrūso-, chryso- + Greek tilos, something plucked (from tillein, to pluck).]


(Minerals) a green, grey, or white fibrous mineral, a variety of serpentine, that is an important source of commercial asbestos. Formula: Mg3Si2O5(OH)4
[C20: from chryso- + Greek tilos something plucked, shred, thread, from tillein to pluck]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chrysotile - a grey or green fibrous mineral; an important source of commercial asbestos
asbestos - a fibrous amphibole; used for making fireproof articles; inhaling fibers can cause asbestosis or lung cancer
References in periodicals archive ?
The serpentine chrysotiles, because of their coiled, pliable nature, appear to impact more in the upper respiratory tract where they can be evacuated from the body via the mucociliary blanket.
A single form of serpentine asbestos, called, chrysotile or white asbestos, is the most commonly used form of asbestos, and accounts for approximately 95% of the asbestos found in buildings throughout the United States.
The serpentine chrysotile fiber is more readily removed by alveolar macrophages compared with the amphibole amosite and crocidolite varieties.
Among the mutants with deletions [greater than or equal to] 2 kb that span the redBA/gam gene, the mutant fraction induced by treatment with a 1 [micro]g/[cm.sup.2] dose of chrysotiles was 5.2-fold higher than those derived spontaneously.
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we investigated the mutant fractions and the patterns induced by chrysotile fibers in gpt delta transgenic mouse primary embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) and compared the results obtained with hydrogen peroxide ([H.sub.2][O.sub.2]) in an attempt to illustrate the role of oxyradicals in fiber mutagenesis.
RESULTS: Chrysotile fibers induced a dose-dependent increase in mutation yield at the redBA/gam loci in transgenic MEF cells.