chylomicron


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Related to chylomicron: Chylomicron Retention Disease

chy·lo·mi·cron

 (kī′lō-mī′krŏn′)
n.
A lipoprotein formed in the small intestine that transports dietary fats and cholesterol through the lymphatic system to the bloodstream. Chylomicrons are larger and less dense than very low-density lipoproteins.

[chyl(e) + Greek mīkron, small thing, from neuter of mīkros, small.]

chylomicron

(ˌkaɪləʊˈmaɪkrɒn)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem a minute droplet of fat, found in blood and chyle, that is the form in which dietary fat is carried in these fluids

chy•lo•mi•cron

(ˌkaɪ ləˈmaɪ krɒn)

n.
a lipoprotein droplet that forms in the small intestine and conveys fat to the blood.
[1921]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chylomicron - a microscopic particle of triglycerides produced in the intestines during digestion; in the bloodstream they release their fatty acids into the blood
corpuscle, mote, particle, speck, molecule, atom - (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
Translations

chy·lo·mi·cron

n. quilomicrón, pequeña partícula de lípido vista en la sangre después de la ingestión de grasas.
References in periodicals archive ?
Retention of fluorescent-labelled chylomicron remnants within the intima of the arterial wall--evidence that plaque cholesterol may be derived from post-prandial lipoproteins.
14 As a polymorphic protein, ApoE is the ligand of LDL receptor and that of chylomicron particle receptor in hepatocytes.
3] with APOA4 enter the chylomicron, then the chylomicron is exocytosed to the extracellular space and finally enters the blood via lymph transfer.
ApoE was shown to be the ligand that mediates plasma clearance of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, including VLDL, intermediate-density lipoproteins, and chylomicron remnants [for review see (1-3)].
Third, it may reduce intestinal secretion of chylomicron and very low-density lipoproteins (Marcil et al.
Hypertriglyceridaemia in pre-diabetes is due to insulin resistance, which leads to increased hepatic very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) production and defective removal of chylomicrons and chylomicron remnants that often reflects poor glycaemic control.
A disturbed lipid metabolism happens in patients with CKD "as a result of decreased catabolism of chylomicrons and lipoprotein particles, remnants of chylomicron and VLDL accumulate" (Scarpioni, Ricardi, Melfa, & Cristinelli, 2010, p.
Chylomicron remnants are rapidly cleared by liver remnant receptors, [2] as a result of apolipoprotein E (apoE) acquired in the circulation.
22 showed that LPS can be transported into the blood by mechanisms provided by long chain fatty acids like oleic acid and formation of chylomicron from intestinal epithelial cells.
The IFP contains these root cells which can transform into adipocyte cells containing chylomicron and releasing leptin, chondrocyte cells synthesizing the cartilage matrix and osteoblast cells that mineralize, depending on environmental conditions.
Since originally submitting the MAA, AMT has generated significant additional data, including results from a long-term efficacy study of Glybera showing that improved chylomicron metabolism could be used as a biomarker for increased LPL activity in those patients missing the gene that produces this protein.
The lipoprotein classification includes chylomicron, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL).