chylomicron


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Related to chylomicron: Chylomicron Retention Disease

chy·lo·mi·cron

 (kī′lō-mī′krŏn′)
n.
A lipoprotein formed in the small intestine that transports dietary fats and cholesterol through the lymphatic system to the bloodstream. Chylomicrons are larger and less dense than very low-density lipoproteins.

[chyl(e) + Greek mīkron, small thing, from neuter of mīkros, small.]

chylomicron

(ˌkaɪləʊˈmaɪkrɒn)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem a minute droplet of fat, found in blood and chyle, that is the form in which dietary fat is carried in these fluids

chy•lo•mi•cron

(ˌkaɪ ləˈmaɪ krɒn)

n.
a lipoprotein droplet that forms in the small intestine and conveys fat to the blood.
[1921]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chylomicron - a microscopic particle of triglycerides produced in the intestines during digestion; in the bloodstream they release their fatty acids into the blood
corpuscle, mote, particle, speck, molecule, atom - (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
Translations

chy·lo·mi·cron

n. quilomicrón, pequeña partícula de lípido vista en la sangre después de la ingestión de grasas.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chylomicrons from the jejunum may lead to endotoxins from within the gut lumen being transported up the thoracic duct to the neck veins to reach the lungs as their first organ of call.
Because the discovered apo B mutation was downstream from the site for apo B editing, apo B-48 synthesis for chylomicron production may have been preserved, thus preventing malabsorption.
5) The primary function of LPL is the hydrolysis of triglycerides of very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs) and chylomicrons (CM), thereby delivering free fatty acids to muscle and adipose tissue for energy production or storage.
This is not due to increased absorption of the fat, but is caused by a reduced clearance rate of chylomicrons and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) by the liver in these persons.
Reduction in triglyceride and chylomicron levels of 60% to 90% have been reported in patients with elevated VLDL and chylomicron levels (29).
These data show that Glybera has a profound impact on chylomicron metabolism 14 weeks after a single administration.
Postprandial chylomicrons and VLDLs in severe hypertriacylglycerolemia are lowered more effectively than are chylomicron remnants after treatment with n-3 fatty acids.
43] Patients with this disorder have premature atherosclerosis in peripheral vessels and coronary arteries, in addition to accumulations of chylomicron remnant and VLDL in the fasting state.
Triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) include chylomicrons, chylomicron remnants, VLDL, and VLDL remnants.
AMT generating further chylomicron data from existing treated patients to support re-examination process