cilium


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Related to cilium: selenium, psyllium husk

cil·i·um

 (sĭl′ē-əm)
n. pl. cil·i·a (-ē-ə)
1. A microscopic hairlike process extending from the surface of a cell or unicellular organism. Capable of rhythmical motion, it acts in unison with other such structures to bring about the movement of the cell or of the surrounding medium.
2. An eyelash.
3. Botany One of the hairs along the margin or edge of a structure, such as a leaf, usually forming a fringe.

[Latin, eyelid; see kel- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cilium

(ˈsɪlɪəm)
n, pl cilia (ˈsɪlɪə)
1. (Zoology) any of the short thread-like projections on the surface of a cell, organism, etc, whose rhythmic beating causes movement of the organism or of the surrounding fluid
2. (Anatomy) the technical name for eyelash
[C18: New Latin, from Latin: (lower) eyelid, eyelash]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cil•i•a

(ˈsɪl i ə)

n.pl., sing. cil•i•um (ˈsɪl i əm)
1. short, hairlike, rhythmically beating organelles on the surface of certain cells that provide mobility, as in protozoans, or move fluids and particles along ducts in multicellular forms.
2. the eyelashes.
[1705–15; New Latin, pl. of cilium eyelash, perhaps from Latin supercilium eyebrow; see superciliary]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cil·i·um

(sĭl′ē-əm)
Plural cilia
A hair-like projection capable of a whipping motion and found in certain vertebrate cells and microscopic organisms, especially protozoans. Some microorganisms, such as paramecia, use cilia for movement. Cilia lining the human respiratory tract act to remove foreign matter from air before it reaches the lungs.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cilium

(pl. cilia) A microscopic, hairlike projection from some cells.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cilium - a hairlike projection from the surface of a cell; provides locomotion in free-swimming unicellular organisms
cell organ, cell organelle, organelle - a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ; "the first organelle to be identified was the nucleus"
2.cilium - any of the short curved hairs that grow from the edges of the eyelidscilium - any of the short curved hairs that grow from the edges of the eyelids
hair - a covering for the body (or parts of it) consisting of a dense growth of threadlike structures (as on the human head); helps to prevent heat loss; "he combed his hair"; "each hair consists of layers of dead keratinized cells"
eyelid, lid, palpebra - either of two folds of skin that can be moved to cover or open the eye; "his lids would stay open no longer"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
brvařasinka
ripsivärekarva
cilie

cil·i·um

n. L. párpado.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Our hypothesis was that veligers can reduce captures per encounter between particle and cilium, thereby dissociating swimming and particle capture, even while both prototroch and metatroch beat.
Although cilium is considered relatively inert, it may have various clinical presentations ranging from being asymptomatic to severe inflammation or endophthalmitis; therefore, requiring different approaches.
The primary cilium (PC) is a microtubule-based antenna-like structure that emanates from the surface of different cell types [1].
"Adipogenic differentiation of hMSCs is mediated by recruitment of IGF-1R onto the primary cilium associated with elongation"; Stem Cells, 2015, DOI: 10.1002/stem.1975
Dalby et al; "Adipogenic differentiation of hMSCs is mediated by recruitment of IGF-1R onto the primary cilium associated with elongation"; Stem Cells, 2015, DOI: 10.1002/stem.1975
As a part of a dermolipoma, cilium can grow in the conjunctiva.
The study shows that variations in FTO indirectly affect the function of the primary cilium, a little-understood hair-like appendage on brain and other cells.
Over the years, the research group has been a leader in primary cilium research.
Instead, a mesh of molecules resembling a brush is tethered to each hair-like cilium and, as each cilium sways back and forth, the brush collectively propels the mucus forward.
A single cilium is a cell's eyes and nose, GPS receiver and even weather vane.
ST NICHOLAS ABBEY failed to deliver on his return to action at the Curragh but trainer Aidan O'Brien appeared far from disheartened despite the much-discussed colt managing only third behind Dermot Weld's four-year-old filly Unaccompanied and 33-1 outsider Cilium in the Geegeez.co.uk Alleged Stakes.