The anti-malarial quinine comes from the bark of the Cinchona tree
and salicylic acid, the basis of aspirin, is found in willow bark.
The medicinal properties of the cinchona tree
are thought to have been discovered by the Quechua, indigenous people from Peru and Bolivia.
Others include penicillin, developed from mold; aspirin, from willow bark; thymol, from thyme; quinine, from the cinchona tree
The bark of the cinchona tree
as a remedy for fever and chills had been known by Europeans since the 17th century and was brought from Peru to Europe by the Jesuits (hence the name "Peruvian" or "Jesuit's bark").
Hippocrates found that leaves from the willow plant could reduce headache and muscle pain, which led to the discovery of aspirin, quinine to treat malaria came from the bark of the cinchona tree
, and a tea brewed from the fox glove plant relieved dropsy because it contained digitalis.
In a section on disease, Taylor reveals the truly global links between the forests of Peru-- where the bark of the cinchona tree
provided scientists with quinine and protection against malaria--and the story of two Netherlands Indies scientists smuggling the protected cinchona seeds out of Peru.
Quinine was the first natural anti-malarial drug, isolated from the bark of the Cinchona tree
And, of course, there was quinine from the cinchona tree
, Cinchonapubescens, to say nothing of cocaine, morphine, and nicotine.
According to sources McLaren, Peru's Environment Minister Antonio Brack has announced he will honour the 'Hey Jude' hitmaker's green campaigning by awarding him the highly respected Order of the Cinchona Tree
ahead of the gig.
QUININE Indigenous Peruvians used the bark of the cinchona tree
to cure fevers.
These include quinine, an extract of the cinchona tree
used to treat malaria and arthritis; turbocuarine from the curare liana vine, given to patients as a muscle relaxant during surgery; and taxol from the yew tree for treating breast and ovarian cancer.
in California, they used quinic acid from the tropical cinchona tree