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The antifungal activity of the 15 new compounds were evaluated in vitro against five pathogenic fungi, including Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Gibberella zeae, Rhizoctonia solani, Helminthosporium maydis and Botrytis cinerea. Almost all the structure have not been reported, except compounds 3, 5 and 6.
Abrocomidae.--El representante de esta familia, Abrocoma cinerea, se caracterizo por presentar un patron medular anastomosado listrado con bordes integros, con un patron cuticular ondeado oblicuo, de escamas anchas, crenadas y de bordes continuos (Fig.
The simultaneous action of fungi such as Botrytis cinerea, resulting in mold formation or, worse, the action of fermentative yeasts and acetic bacteria responsible for development of sour rot provides an additional phytosanitary aggravation of a situation that is already difficult to manage.
We chose to study the three species that were the most common at our study site: Acrida cinerea (Thunberg, 1815), Atractomorpha lata (Mochulsky, 1866), and Oedaleus infernalis Saussure, 1884.
In Lower Graves, when summer morning mist forms on the Garonne River and the wind and heat of the afternoon meet, the concentration of the fungus, botrytis cinerea, activates.
Kiziroglu (1989) considered Acrocephalus schoenobaenus, Alauda arvensis, Ardea cinerea, Botaurus stellaris, Circus aeruginosus, Columba palumbus, Fulica atra, Gallinula chloropus, Haliaeetus albicilla, Lullula arborea, Motacilla cinerea, Otis tarda, Otus scops, Oenanthe oenanthe, Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Podiceps cristatus, Podiceps nigricollis, Rallus aquaticus, Saxicola rubetra, Saxicola torquata, Tachybaptus ruficollis, Turdus philomelos and Vanellus vanellus to be local resident species were identified to be summer migrants, while Aegithalos caudatus, Anser anser, Coccothraustes coccothraustes and Regulus regulus reported to be local residents were found to be winter migrants during the present study.
In contrast, sequencing of fungal ITS regions revealed a diversity composed of sequences predominantly assigned to the phylum Basidiomycota in outdoor (91%) and drying room samples (70%), whereas personal air samples had a lower fungal diversity predominantly composed of the Ascomycota fungal species, Botrytis cinerea (59%).
The studies with the pathogen Botrytis cinerea are the most abundant.
[24] reported that the exposure of kiwifruits to ozone before inoculation of Botrytis cinerea in a cold storage room resulted in the reduction of disease incidence.