circumduction


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Related to circumduction: pronation, circumduction gait

cir·cum·duc·tion

 (sûr′kəm-dŭk′shən)
n.
The circular movement of a limb such that the distal end of the limb delineates an arc.

[Latin circumductiō, circumductiōn-, act of leading around, from circumductus, past participle of circumdūcere, to lead around : circum-, circum- + dūcere, to lead; see deuk- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

circumduction

(ˌsɜːkəmˈdʌkʃən)
n
1. the action of turning anything on its axis
2. the action of leading on a circuitous course
3. Scots law the sentence of declaring the time period over for giving evidence
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.circumduction - a circular movement of a limb or eye
movement, motility, motion, move - a change of position that does not entail a change of location; "the reflex motion of his eyebrows revealed his surprise"; "movement is a sign of life"; "an impatient move of his hand"; "gastrointestinal motility"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

cir·cum·duc·tion

n. circunducción, movimiento circular de una parte del cuerpo tal como el ojo o alguna extremidad.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
These motions combine to allow the thumb to perform complex actions including opposition and circumduction. These combined movements of the thumb are what allow the hand to perform more advanced prehension, or grasping.
The physical activity includes elbow flexion/extension, forearm supination/pronation, wrist circumduction, and fingers flexion/extension for 5 min in the upper extremity which is not connected to the hemodialysis machine and ankle rotation, toes flexion, extension, and hyperextension for 5 min in each lower extremity.
of Patients Loss of dorsiflexion 5 0 (0%) Loss of ulnar deviation 3 0 (0%) Loss of supination 2 0 (0%) Loss of palmar flexion 1 0 (0%) Loss of radial deviation 1 4 (20%) Loss of circumduction 1 0 (0%) Pain in DRUJ 1 3 (15%) Result Score No.
To be classified as a successfully avoided obstacle, both feet had to stay clear of the obstacle without stepping next to it, circumduction of the hip, or hitting the obstacle (one point per successfully avoided obstacle, with a maximum of three points).
In the context of therapeutic exercises, the older adults were trained for ROM exercises (anterior, lateral, and rotational) and posture exercises (shoulder circumduction, scapular adduction, and pectoral stretching).
Inspection and gait assessment results (n=318) Yes No Total n % n % n % Pes planus 76 23.9 242 76.1 318 100.0 Increased thoracic kyphosis 43 13.5 275 86.5 318 100.0 Shoulder asymmetry 33 10.4 285 89.6 318 100.0 Plano valgus 29 9.1 289 90.9 318 100.0 Scapular wing 8 2.5 310 97.5 318 100.0 Antalgic gait 5 1.6 313 98.4 318 100.0 Genu valgum 4 1.3 314 98.7 318 100.0 Genu varum 3 0.9 315 99.1 318 100.0 Pelvic asymmetry 3 0.9 315 99.1 318 100.0 Increased cervical lordosis 2 0.6 316 99.4 318 100.0 Persistent femoral anteversion 2 0.6 316 99.4 318 100.0 Circumduction gait 1 0.3 317 99.7 318 100.0 Recurvatum 0 0.0 318 100.0 318 100.0 Toe walking 0 0.0 318 100.0 318 100.0 Trendelenburg 0 0.0 318 100.0 318 100.0 Table 3.
(11) Typical findings include pain with palpation directly over the dorsoradial aspect of the CMC joint and pain with axial loading and upon circumduction during a Grind test of the CMC joint.
For the wrist, wrist stabilization for grip in elbow extension and flexion positions, wrist flexion and extension movement while clenching the hand, and circumduction were tested.
The patient had Trendelenburg gait with elements of circumduction to compensate for a limited ability to raise the foot.
Gait demonstrates hypertonia of the ipsilateral leg with circumduction. As treatment is started she has improvements in the amplitude of the dysmetria, with more exact targeting.
Kim & Lee [47] employed a BCI-based functional electrical stimulation (FES) training on children affected by spastic cerebral palsy, with EEG patterns during concentration used to trigger FES: FES was applied as patients concentrated on finger extension, wrist extension, wrist abduction, and wrist circumduction while holding a wrist bar.
Due to the unilateral nature of the paralysis, balance is of paramount concern for stroke patients, as they struggle with both upper and lower body posture [33], Additionally, patients after stroke often exhibit hemiplegic gait during which hip hike and circumduction of the affected leg is produced to compensate for drop foot abnormality, thus increasing the single leg stance phase, decreasing stability, and increasing likelihood of falls [50,16].