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An affix consisting of a prefix and a suffix, such as the progressive present marker a- ... -ing in dialectal English I'm a-going or the past participle marker y- ... -t in archaic English yclept.
tr.v. cir·cum·fixed, cir·cum·fix·ing, cir·cum·fix·es
To add as a circumfix.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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In the paper a language game in the Zagreb Croatian slang is described and analyzed that combines syllable metathesis and adding the circumfix jo--...--n.
These include the prefix ("un-"), suffix ("-ment," "-ly"), circumfix (Ger.
This word can be broken down into smaller parts, or morphemes, thus ma- is a reflexive/passive prefix (realised as the allomorph mam- before a vowel); ihlapi 'to be at a loss as what to do next'; -n, stative suffix; ata, achievement suffix; and -apai, a dual suffix, which has a reciprocal sense with ma- (circumfix).
Conceptually, this would not seem very reasonable, but still, could it be that the abstract noun is the result of the application of a circumfix ke- ...
Consider, for instance, Russian verbal derivation with the circumfix do- ...
One set serves as an identity predicate, as in ana huwwa ana "I am l." The second set occurs with the negative circumfix, as in ana maniis sakna hina "I am not living here." According to Eid this second set of pronouns must be analyzed as agreement features in INFL (accordingly, sentences with this set allow pro-drop, e.g., maniis sakna hina).
A classic example of this positional pattern is a circumfix. Discontinuous morphemes are also associated with more than one position, connected with the operator 'AND'.