which, in late Thomism and beginning with the Council of Florence (1439) will spell "circuminsessio" with an "s" in order to describe the three persons ironically "sitting" (sedere), remains forever in the Franciscan tradition "circumincessio" with a "c" (cedere), thus meaning the "step" or the "dance" by which the "three of the Trinity," choreographically and without ceasing, encounter one another, or even cross one another.
social grace is about relations, about the elevation of human relations to the point of being an imitation of and even a participation in divine circumincession
. It is to this that I have to turn next.
, as the Latin Fathers called it, aids in understanding the Christian notion of Divine Oneness--Islam's tawhid, which is best equated not with the Trinity, but rather with the term "homoousios." This concept is what Christianity uses to convey best the idea of Unity in the Divine Essence.
The secular and the sacred, faith and reason, nature and grace, are indeed distinguishable, but they simultaneously and at their core relate to one another in the terms of an inseparable unity--"circumincession
" is Schindler's term for this relationship.
Lossky shows that hypostasis or person is irreducible to nature or to being a kind or an instance of a kind and that (for ancient Patristic theology) the divine persons are "subsistent relations" such that there is a circumincession
of the divine "nature" among the unique persons, and not by being the negation of other persons.
The Christian mysteries reflect what Aquinas referred to as omnia intendeunt assimilari Deo--"the movement of all nature and, more especially, of spiritual beings, towards the divine." Circumincession
is the term Blondel uses to depict the process through which human-being can achieve its destiny as reassimilated to the supernatural by saying "yes or no" to God.
The self is its own predicate: as the self selves, so the world worlds, in circumincession
or perichoresis: each at once around and within the other.
So intimately and inextricably do they participate in one another's reality that Y ves Congar resorted to a term from Trinitarian theology -- circumincession
, or perichoresis -- to express their dynamic co-presence in one another, distinct yet internally inter-dependent.(20) By analogy with the mutual indwelling of Father, Son and Spirit, the dimensions of the church co-permeate one another without annulling differences.
Truth itself is thus positively constituted by difference when viewed as the mutual disclosure of the "whole" depth-dimension of being, that is, when the event of encounter expresses the circumincession
of the transcendentals in dramatic Gestalten.
One may legitimately object that the form/content distinction, if too positivistically or mechanistically understood, represents an immobile theory, disallowing true development and ignoring the necessary circumincession
between the two elements, a coinherence clearly illustrated from the worlds of literature, art and music.
Balthasar interpreted them as a form of perichoresis or circumincession
, an analogical participation by us in the "mutual indwelling" of the divine Persons of the Trinity through the Holy Spirit, who has universalized the personal missions of Peter, Paul, etc.