atrophy(redirected from circumscribed cerebral atrophy)
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n. pl. at·ro·phies
1. A wasting or decrease in size of a body organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use: muscular atrophy of a person affected with paralysis.
2. A wasting away, deterioration, or diminution: intellectual atrophy.
v. at·ro·phied, at·ro·phy·ing, at·ro·phies
To cause to wither or deteriorate; affect with atrophy.
To waste away; wither or deteriorate.
[Late Latin atrophia, from Greek atrophiā, from atrophos, ill-nourished : a-, without; see a-1 + trophē, food.]
a·troph′ic (ā-trŏf′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
n, pl -phies
1. (Pathology) a wasting away of an organ or part, or a failure to grow to normal size as the result of disease, faulty nutrition, etc
2. any degeneration or diminution, esp through lack of use
vb, -phies, -phying or -phied
to waste away or cause to waste away
[C17: from Late Latin atrophia, from Greek, from atrophos ill-fed, from a-1 + -trophos from trephein to feed]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
at•ro•phy(ˈæ trə fi)
n., v. -phied, -phy•ing. n.
1. a wasting away of the body or of an organ or part, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage.
2. degeneration or decline, as from disuse.v.t.
3. to affect with atrophy.v.i.
4. to undergo atrophy; wither; degenerate.Also, a•tro•phi•a (əˈtroʊ fi ə)
a•troph•ic (əˈtrɒf ɪk, əˈtroʊ fɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
The wasting away of a body part, most commonly caused by disease or nerve damage.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
degeneration as the result of disuse, malnutrition, etc.See also: Decaying
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Past participle: atrophied
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
1. The wasting or withering of muscle.
2. A wasting away and/or emaciation, caused by aging, disease, infection, or injury.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||atrophy - a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse|
tabes - wasting of the body during a chronic disease
symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
kraurosis - atrophy and shriveling of the skin or mucous membrane
|2.||atrophy - any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use)|
weakening - becoming weaker
|Verb||1.||atrophy - undergo atrophy; "Muscles that are not used will atrophy"|
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
1. waste away, waste, shrink, diminish, deteriorate, decay, dwindle, wither, wilt, degenerate, shrivel His muscle atrophied, and he was left lame.
1. wasting away, decline, wasting, decay, decaying, withering, deterioration, meltdown (informal), shrivelling, degeneration, diminution exercises to avoid atrophy of cartilage
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
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Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
n. atrofia, deteriorización de las células, tejidos y órganos del cuerpo;
acute yellow ___ of the liver → ___ amarilla hepática aguda;
alveolar ___ → ___ alveolar;
arthritic ___ → ___ artrítica;
artificial ___ → ___ artificial;
cerebellar ___ → ___ cerebelosa;
epileptic absence ___ → ___ por ausencia epiléptica;
infantile progressive spinal muscular ___ → ___ músculo-espinal infantil progresiva;
ischemic muscular ___ → ___ isquémica muscular;
juvenile muscular ___ → ___ muscular juvenil;
macular ___ → ___ macular;
multiple system ___ → ___ de sistema múltiple;
neurogenic ___ → ___ neurogénica;
nutritional type cerebellar ___ → ___ cerebelar de tipo nutricional;
ocular ___ → ___ ocular;
periodontal ___ → ___ periodontal;
postmenopausal ___ → ___ postmenopausia;
primary macular ___ of the skin → ___ macular primaria de la piel;
primary vascular ___ of the skin → ___ primaria vascular de la piel;
progressive cerebral ___ → ___ progresiva cerebral.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
atrophyn atrofia; vi (pret & pp -phied) (también to become atrophied) atrofiarse
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.