circumstances


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Wikipedia.
Related to circumstances: unforeseen circumstances

cir·cum·stance

 (sûr′kəm-stăns′)
n.
1. A condition or fact attending an event and having some bearing on it; a determining or modifying factor: set out a day early because of favorable circumstances.
2. The sum of determining factors beyond willful control: a victim of circumstance.
3. circumstances Financial status or means: "Prior came of a good family, much reduced in circumstances" (George Sherburn).
4. Formal display; ceremony: the pomp and circumstance of a coronation.
5. A particular incident or occurrence: Your arrival was a fortunate circumstance.
tr.v. cir·cum·stanced, cir·cum·stanc·ing, cir·cum·stanc·es
To place in particular circumstances or conditions; situate.
Idioms:
under no circumstances
In no case; never.
under/in the circumstances
Given these conditions; such being the case.

[Middle English, from Old French circonstance, from Latin circumstantia, from circumstāns, circumstant-, present participle of circumstāre, to stand around : circum-, circum- + stāre, to stand; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.circumstances - your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you)circumstances - your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you); "whatever my fortune may be"; "deserved a better fate"; "has a happy lot"; "the luck of the Irish"; "a victim of circumstances"; "success that was her portion"
condition - a mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing; "the human condition"
good fortune, good luck, luckiness - an auspicious state resulting from favorable outcomes
providence - a manifestation of God's foresightful care for his creatures
bad luck, ill luck, tough luck, misfortune - an unfortunate state resulting from unfavorable outcomes
failure - lack of success; "he felt that his entire life had been a failure"; "that year there was a crop failure"
2.circumstances - a person's financial situation (good or bad); "he found himself in straitened circumstances"
possession - anything owned or possessed
Translations
okolnosti
omstændighederne
olosuhteet
okolnosti
事情
환경
okoliščine
omständigheter
สถานการณ์
hoàn cảnh

circumstances

[ˈsɜːkəmstənsɪz] npl
a. (conditions) → circostanze fpl
in the circumstances → date le circostanze
under no circumstances → in nessun caso
b. (financial state) → condizioni fpl finanziarie
to be in easy/poor circumstances → trovarsi in buone/cattive condizioni finanziarie

circumstances

ظُرُوف okolnosti omstændighederne Umstände περιστάσεις posición económica olosuhteet circonstances okolnosti circostanze 事情 환경 omstandigheden omstendigheter okoliczności circunstâncias обстоятельства omständigheter สถานการณ์ koşullar hoàn cảnh 境况
References in classic literature ?
This information, though easily hunted up, has nevertheless been obtained under rather singular circumstances.
He left me early in February; and the moment he was gone, I breathed again, and felt my vital energy return; not with the hope of escape - he has taken care to leave me no visible chance of that - but with a determination to make the best of existing circumstances.
However, she listened very willingly to my offer of advice; so I told her that the first thing she ought to do was a piece of justice to herself, namely, that whereas she had been told by several people that he had reported among the ladies that he had left her, and pretended to give the advantage of the negative to himself, she should take care to have it well spread among the women--which she could not fail of an opportunity to do in a neighbourhood so addicted to family news as that she live in was--that she had inquired into his circumstances, and found he was not the man as to estate he pretended to be.
Happily for mankind, liberty is not, in this respect, confined to any single point of time; but lies within extremes, which afford sufficient latitude for all the variations which may be required by the various situations and circumstances of civil society.
The SAFETY of the people doubtless has relation to a great variety of circumstances and considerations, and consequently affords great latitude to those who wish to define it precisely and comprehensively.
For this reason, Phaleas the Chalcedonian first proposed, that the fortunes of the citizens should be equal, which he thought was not difficult to accomplish when a community was first settled, but that it was a work of greater difficulty in one that had been long established; but yet that it might be effected, and an equality of circumstances introduced by these means, that the rich should give marriage portions, but never receive any, while the poor should always receive, but never give.
And it is even more difficult to understand just why they think that this maneuver was calculated to save Russia and destroy the French; for this flank march, had it been preceded, accompanied, or followed by other circumstances, might have proved ruinous to the Russians and salutary for the French.
Hardly--even to an old friend like you--unless I felt it a matter of duty, on my part, to state the circumstances.
When his experience fails, he will retire from the position of narrator; and his task will be continued, from the point at which he has left it off, by other persons who can speak to the circumstances under notice from their own knowledge, just as clearly and positively as he has spoken before them.
Vernon, I think, was a great deal too kind to her when he was in Staffordshire; her behaviour to him, independent of her general character, has been so inexcusably artful and ungenerous since our marriage was first in agitation that no one less amiable and mild than himself could have overlooked it all; and though, as his brother's widow, and in narrow circumstances, it was proper to render her pecuniary assistance, I cannot help thinking his pressing invitation to her to visit us at Churchhill perfectly unnecessary.
There certainly are circumstances," said Willoughby, "which might greatly endear it to me; but this place will always have one claim of my affection, which no other can possibly share.
The circumstances that endanger the safety of nations are infinite, and for this reason no constitutional shackles can wisely be imposed on the power to which the care of it is committed.