a.1.Standing or placed around; surrounding.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
References in periodicals archive ?
In other words, the aim of these rebels is to cause destruction so as to be recognized and then be rewarded with positions that they could not have otherwise get under normal circumstant, where competence is put into test.
713 (Rome: Marietti, 1952), 267: "Veritas enim existentium radicaliter consisit in apprehensione quidditatis rerum, quam quidditatem rationales animae non statim apprehendere possunt per seipsam, sed diffundunt se per proprietates et effectus qui circumstant rei essentiam, ut ex his ad propriam veritatem ingrediantur." Translation is my own.
Is then this entity a circumstant in the linguistic situation of braking?
In the corresponding SIT(L), the braked-for entity would be a circumstant, not a participant.
Since the container is by no means an obligatory participant of the respective situations, it can be treated as a circumstant; the phrases iz tarelki/dans une assiette/from a plate are then described as circumstantials (that do not correspond to a SemA) and the preposition is specifed by a nonstandard LF: Rus.
Circumstants express the circumstances of time, place, manner, etc.
But generally speaking, location and time constitute a necessary frame in which a SIT(L) takes place without being SIT(L)'s participants: they are SIT(L)'s circumstants. In the same vein, speed characterizes every movement, but it is not an obligatory participant of any corresponding linguistic situation.
In more or less clear cases discussed so far, a meaning suspected of being a SemA of 'L' corresponds to an obligatory participant of the situation SIT(L), which can be variable or (in some special cases) constant; all the other elements of SIT(L) are deemed to be its circumstants. However, very often we have an "actant-like" meaning 'X' which does not correspond to an obligatory participant of SIT(L), but whose lexicalization depends on L: 'X' is expressed in a very idiomatic, or phraseologicallybound, way--as a function of L.
But are they its circumstants? (With English [to] SPELL, things look differently: the indications of how to spell might be obligatory participants of the SIT(SPELL), due to the special meaning of this verb.)
Having reproduced and ridiculed the Catholic Salisbury Use, and recounted a reformed history of "how and by whom this popish or rather apish Masse became so clamperde and patched togither" (1274), Foxe turns his attention to "such trinkettes as were to the foresaide Masse appertaining or circumstant, first, the linnen albes and Corporasses" (1276).